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tclHash.c

/* 
 * tclHash.c --
 *
 *    Implementation of in-memory hash tables for Tcl and Tcl-based
 *    applications.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1991-1993 The Regents of the University of California.
 * Copyright (c) 1994 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 *
 * See the file "license.terms" for information on usage and redistribution
 * of this file, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL WARRANTIES.
 *
 * RCS: @(#) $Id: tclHash.c,v 1.2 1998/09/14 18:39:59 stanton Exp $
 */

#include "tclInt.h"

/*
 * When there are this many entries per bucket, on average, rebuild
 * the hash table to make it larger.
 */

#define REBUILD_MULTIPLIER    3


/*
 * The following macro takes a preliminary integer hash value and
 * produces an index into a hash tables bucket list.  The idea is
 * to make it so that preliminary values that are arbitrarily similar
 * will end up in different buckets.  The hash function was taken
 * from a random-number generator.
 */

#define RANDOM_INDEX(tablePtr, i) \
    (((((long) (i))*1103515245) >> (tablePtr)->downShift) & (tablePtr)->mask)

/*
 * Procedure prototypes for static procedures in this file:
 */

static Tcl_HashEntry *  ArrayFind _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key));
static Tcl_HashEntry *  ArrayCreate _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key, int *newPtr));
static Tcl_HashEntry *  BogusFind _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key));
static Tcl_HashEntry *  BogusCreate _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key, int *newPtr));
static unsigned int     HashString _ANSI_ARGS_((CONST char *string));
static void       RebuildTable _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr));
static Tcl_HashEntry *  StringFind _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key));
static Tcl_HashEntry *  StringCreate _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key, int *newPtr));
static Tcl_HashEntry *  OneWordFind _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key));
static Tcl_HashEntry *  OneWordCreate _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr,
                      CONST char *key, int *newPtr));

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_InitHashTable --
 *
 *    Given storage for a hash table, set up the fields to prepare
 *    the hash table for use.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    TablePtr is now ready to be passed to Tcl_FindHashEntry and
 *    Tcl_CreateHashEntry.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
Tcl_InitHashTable(tablePtr, keyType)
    register Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;     /* Pointer to table record, which
                               * is supplied by the caller. */
    int keyType;              /* Type of keys to use in table:
                               * TCL_STRING_KEYS, TCL_ONE_WORD_KEYS,
                               * or an integer >= 2. */
{
    tablePtr->buckets = tablePtr->staticBuckets;
    tablePtr->staticBuckets[0] = tablePtr->staticBuckets[1] = 0;
    tablePtr->staticBuckets[2] = tablePtr->staticBuckets[3] = 0;
    tablePtr->numBuckets = TCL_SMALL_HASH_TABLE;
    tablePtr->numEntries = 0;
    tablePtr->rebuildSize = TCL_SMALL_HASH_TABLE*REBUILD_MULTIPLIER;
    tablePtr->downShift = 28;
    tablePtr->mask = 3;
    tablePtr->keyType = keyType;
    if (keyType == TCL_STRING_KEYS) {
      tablePtr->findProc = StringFind;
      tablePtr->createProc = StringCreate;
    } else if (keyType == TCL_ONE_WORD_KEYS) {
      tablePtr->findProc = OneWordFind;
      tablePtr->createProc = OneWordCreate;
    } else {
      tablePtr->findProc = ArrayFind;
      tablePtr->createProc = ArrayCreate;
    };
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_DeleteHashEntry --
 *
 *    Remove a single entry from a hash table.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The entry given by entryPtr is deleted from its table and
 *    should never again be used by the caller.  It is up to the
 *    caller to free the clientData field of the entry, if that
 *    is relevant.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
Tcl_DeleteHashEntry(entryPtr)
    Tcl_HashEntry *entryPtr;
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *prevPtr;

    if (*entryPtr->bucketPtr == entryPtr) {
      *entryPtr->bucketPtr = entryPtr->nextPtr;
    } else {
      for (prevPtr = *entryPtr->bucketPtr; ; prevPtr = prevPtr->nextPtr) {
          if (prevPtr == NULL) {
            panic("malformed bucket chain in Tcl_DeleteHashEntry");
          }
          if (prevPtr->nextPtr == entryPtr) {
            prevPtr->nextPtr = entryPtr->nextPtr;
            break;
          }
      }
    }
    entryPtr->tablePtr->numEntries--;
    ckfree((char *) entryPtr);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_DeleteHashTable --
 *
 *    Free up everything associated with a hash table except for
 *    the record for the table itself.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The hash table is no longer useable.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
Tcl_DeleteHashTable(tablePtr)
    register Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;           /* Table to delete. */
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr, *nextPtr;
    int i;

    /*
     * Free up all the entries in the table.
     */

    for (i = 0; i < tablePtr->numBuckets; i++) {
      hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[i];
      while (hPtr != NULL) {
          nextPtr = hPtr->nextPtr;
          ckfree((char *) hPtr);
          hPtr = nextPtr;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Free up the bucket array, if it was dynamically allocated.
     */

    if (tablePtr->buckets != tablePtr->staticBuckets) {
      ckfree((char *) tablePtr->buckets);
    }

    /*
     * Arrange for panics if the table is used again without
     * re-initialization.
     */

    tablePtr->findProc = BogusFind;
    tablePtr->createProc = BogusCreate;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_FirstHashEntry --
 *
 *    Locate the first entry in a hash table and set up a record
 *    that can be used to step through all the remaining entries
 *    of the table.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a pointer to the first entry in tablePtr,
 *    or NULL if tablePtr has no entries in it.  The memory at
 *    *searchPtr is initialized so that subsequent calls to
 *    Tcl_NextHashEntry will return all of the entries in the table,
 *    one at a time.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_HashEntry *
Tcl_FirstHashEntry(tablePtr, searchPtr)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;        /* Table to search. */
    Tcl_HashSearch *searchPtr;            /* Place to store information about
                               * progress through the table. */
{
    searchPtr->tablePtr = tablePtr;
    searchPtr->nextIndex = 0;
    searchPtr->nextEntryPtr = NULL;
    return Tcl_NextHashEntry(searchPtr);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_NextHashEntry --
 *
 *    Once a hash table enumeration has been initiated by calling
 *    Tcl_FirstHashEntry, this procedure may be called to return
 *    successive elements of the table.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is the next entry in the hash table being
 *    enumerated, or NULL if the end of the table is reached.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_HashEntry *
Tcl_NextHashEntry(searchPtr)
    register Tcl_HashSearch *searchPtr;   /* Place to store information about
                               * progress through the table.  Must
                               * have been initialized by calling
                               * Tcl_FirstHashEntry. */
{
    Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;

    while (searchPtr->nextEntryPtr == NULL) {
      if (searchPtr->nextIndex >= searchPtr->tablePtr->numBuckets) {
          return NULL;
      }
      searchPtr->nextEntryPtr =
            searchPtr->tablePtr->buckets[searchPtr->nextIndex];
      searchPtr->nextIndex++;
    }
    hPtr = searchPtr->nextEntryPtr;
    searchPtr->nextEntryPtr = hPtr->nextPtr;
    return hPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_HashStats --
 *
 *    Return statistics describing the layout of the hash table
 *    in its hash buckets.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a malloc-ed string containing information
 *    about tablePtr.  It is the caller's responsibility to free
 *    this string.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

char *
Tcl_HashStats(tablePtr)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;        /* Table for which to produce stats. */
{
#define NUM_COUNTERS 10
    int count[NUM_COUNTERS], overflow, i, j;
    double average, tmp;
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    char *result, *p;

    /*
     * Compute a histogram of bucket usage.
     */

    for (i = 0; i < NUM_COUNTERS; i++) {
      count[i] = 0;
    }
    overflow = 0;
    average = 0.0;
    for (i = 0; i < tablePtr->numBuckets; i++) {
      j = 0;
      for (hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[i]; hPtr != NULL; hPtr = hPtr->nextPtr) {
          j++;
      }
      if (j < NUM_COUNTERS) {
          count[j]++;
      } else {
          overflow++;
      }
      tmp = j;
      average += (tmp+1.0)*(tmp/tablePtr->numEntries)/2.0;
    }

    /*
     * Print out the histogram and a few other pieces of information.
     */

    result = (char *) ckalloc((unsigned) ((NUM_COUNTERS*60) + 300));
    sprintf(result, "%d entries in table, %d buckets\n",
          tablePtr->numEntries, tablePtr->numBuckets);
    p = result + strlen(result);
    for (i = 0; i < NUM_COUNTERS; i++) {
      sprintf(p, "number of buckets with %d entries: %d\n",
            i, count[i]);
      p += strlen(p);
    }
    sprintf(p, "number of buckets with %d or more entries: %d\n",
          NUM_COUNTERS, overflow);
    p += strlen(p);
    sprintf(p, "average search distance for entry: %.1f", average);
    return result;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * HashString --
 *
 *    Compute a one-word summary of a text string, which can be
 *    used to generate a hash index.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a one-word summary of the information in
 *    string.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static unsigned int
HashString(string)
    register CONST char *string;/* String from which to compute hash value. */
{
    register unsigned int result;
    register int c;

    /*
     * I tried a zillion different hash functions and asked many other
     * people for advice.  Many people had their own favorite functions,
     * all different, but no-one had much idea why they were good ones.
     * I chose the one below (multiply by 9 and add new character)
     * because of the following reasons:
     *
     * 1. Multiplying by 10 is perfect for keys that are decimal strings,
     *    and multiplying by 9 is just about as good.
     * 2. Times-9 is (shift-left-3) plus (old).  This means that each
     *    character's bits hang around in the low-order bits of the
     *    hash value for ever, plus they spread fairly rapidly up to
     *    the high-order bits to fill out the hash value.  This seems
     *    works well both for decimal and non-decimal strings.
     */

    result = 0;
    while (1) {
      c = *string;
      string++;
      if (c == 0) {
          break;
      }
      result += (result<<3) + c;
    }
    return result;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * StringFind --
 *
 *    Given a hash table with string keys, and a string key, find
 *    the entry with a matching key.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a token for the matching entry in the
 *    hash table, or NULL if there was no matching entry.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static Tcl_HashEntry *
StringFind(tablePtr, key)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    CONST char *key;          /* Key to use to find matching entry. */
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    register CONST char *p1, *p2;
    int index;

    index = HashString(key) & tablePtr->mask;

    /*
     * Search all of the entries in the appropriate bucket.
     */

    for (hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[index]; hPtr != NULL;
          hPtr = hPtr->nextPtr) {
      for (p1 = key, p2 = hPtr->key.string; ; p1++, p2++) {
          if (*p1 != *p2) {
            break;
          }
          if (*p1 == '\0') {
            return hPtr;
          }
      }
    }
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * StringCreate --
 *
 *    Given a hash table with string keys, and a string key, find
 *    the entry with a matching key.  If there is no matching entry,
 *    then create a new entry that does match.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a pointer to the matching entry.  If this
 *    is a newly-created entry, then *newPtr will be set to a non-zero
 *    value;  otherwise *newPtr will be set to 0.  If this is a new
 *    entry the value stored in the entry will initially be 0.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A new entry may be added to the hash table.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static Tcl_HashEntry *
StringCreate(tablePtr, key, newPtr)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    CONST char *key;          /* Key to use to find or create matching
                         * entry. */
    int *newPtr;        /* Store info here telling whether a new
                         * entry was created. */
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    register CONST char *p1, *p2;
    int index;

    index = HashString(key) & tablePtr->mask;

    /*
     * Search all of the entries in this bucket.
     */

    for (hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[index]; hPtr != NULL;
          hPtr = hPtr->nextPtr) {
      for (p1 = key, p2 = hPtr->key.string; ; p1++, p2++) {
          if (*p1 != *p2) {
            break;
          }
          if (*p1 == '\0') {
            *newPtr = 0;
            return hPtr;
          }
      }
    }

    /*
     * Entry not found.  Add a new one to the bucket.
     */

    *newPtr = 1;
    hPtr = (Tcl_HashEntry *) ckalloc((unsigned)
          (sizeof(Tcl_HashEntry) + strlen(key) - (sizeof(hPtr->key) -1)));
    hPtr->tablePtr = tablePtr;
    hPtr->bucketPtr = &(tablePtr->buckets[index]);
    hPtr->nextPtr = *hPtr->bucketPtr;
    hPtr->clientData = 0;
    strcpy(hPtr->key.string, key);
    *hPtr->bucketPtr = hPtr;
    tablePtr->numEntries++;

    /*
     * If the table has exceeded a decent size, rebuild it with many
     * more buckets.
     */

    if (tablePtr->numEntries >= tablePtr->rebuildSize) {
      RebuildTable(tablePtr);
    }
    return hPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * OneWordFind --
 *
 *    Given a hash table with one-word keys, and a one-word key, find
 *    the entry with a matching key.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a token for the matching entry in the
 *    hash table, or NULL if there was no matching entry.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static Tcl_HashEntry *
OneWordFind(tablePtr, key)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    register CONST char *key; /* Key to use to find matching entry. */
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    int index;

    index = RANDOM_INDEX(tablePtr, key);

    /*
     * Search all of the entries in the appropriate bucket.
     */

    for (hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[index]; hPtr != NULL;
          hPtr = hPtr->nextPtr) {
      if (hPtr->key.oneWordValue == key) {
          return hPtr;
      }
    }
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * OneWordCreate --
 *
 *    Given a hash table with one-word keys, and a one-word key, find
 *    the entry with a matching key.  If there is no matching entry,
 *    then create a new entry that does match.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a pointer to the matching entry.  If this
 *    is a newly-created entry, then *newPtr will be set to a non-zero
 *    value;  otherwise *newPtr will be set to 0.  If this is a new
 *    entry the value stored in the entry will initially be 0.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A new entry may be added to the hash table.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static Tcl_HashEntry *
OneWordCreate(tablePtr, key, newPtr)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    register CONST char *key; /* Key to use to find or create matching
                         * entry. */
    int *newPtr;        /* Store info here telling whether a new
                         * entry was created. */
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    int index;

    index = RANDOM_INDEX(tablePtr, key);

    /*
     * Search all of the entries in this bucket.
     */

    for (hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[index]; hPtr != NULL;
          hPtr = hPtr->nextPtr) {
      if (hPtr->key.oneWordValue == key) {
          *newPtr = 0;
          return hPtr;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Entry not found.  Add a new one to the bucket.
     */

    *newPtr = 1;
    hPtr = (Tcl_HashEntry *) ckalloc(sizeof(Tcl_HashEntry));
    hPtr->tablePtr = tablePtr;
    hPtr->bucketPtr = &(tablePtr->buckets[index]);
    hPtr->nextPtr = *hPtr->bucketPtr;
    hPtr->clientData = 0;
    hPtr->key.oneWordValue = (char *) key;      /* CONST XXXX */
    *hPtr->bucketPtr = hPtr;
    tablePtr->numEntries++;

    /*
     * If the table has exceeded a decent size, rebuild it with many
     * more buckets.
     */

    if (tablePtr->numEntries >= tablePtr->rebuildSize) {
      RebuildTable(tablePtr);
    }
    return hPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ArrayFind --
 *
 *    Given a hash table with array-of-int keys, and a key, find
 *    the entry with a matching key.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a token for the matching entry in the
 *    hash table, or NULL if there was no matching entry.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static Tcl_HashEntry *
ArrayFind(tablePtr, key)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    CONST char *key;          /* Key to use to find matching entry. */
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    int *arrayPtr = (int *) key;
    register int *iPtr1, *iPtr2;
    int index, count;

    for (index = 0, count = tablePtr->keyType, iPtr1 = arrayPtr;
          count > 0; count--, iPtr1++) {
      index += *iPtr1;
    }
    index = RANDOM_INDEX(tablePtr, index);

    /*
     * Search all of the entries in the appropriate bucket.
     */

    for (hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[index]; hPtr != NULL;
          hPtr = hPtr->nextPtr) {
      for (iPtr1 = arrayPtr, iPtr2 = hPtr->key.words,
            count = tablePtr->keyType; ; count--, iPtr1++, iPtr2++) {
          if (count == 0) {
            return hPtr;
          }
          if (*iPtr1 != *iPtr2) {
            break;
          }
      }
    }
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ArrayCreate --
 *
 *    Given a hash table with one-word keys, and a one-word key, find
 *    the entry with a matching key.  If there is no matching entry,
 *    then create a new entry that does match.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a pointer to the matching entry.  If this
 *    is a newly-created entry, then *newPtr will be set to a non-zero
 *    value;  otherwise *newPtr will be set to 0.  If this is a new
 *    entry the value stored in the entry will initially be 0.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A new entry may be added to the hash table.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static Tcl_HashEntry *
ArrayCreate(tablePtr, key, newPtr)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    register CONST char *key; /* Key to use to find or create matching
                         * entry. */
    int *newPtr;        /* Store info here telling whether a new
                         * entry was created. */
{
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    int *arrayPtr = (int *) key;
    register int *iPtr1, *iPtr2;
    int index, count;

    for (index = 0, count = tablePtr->keyType, iPtr1 = arrayPtr;
          count > 0; count--, iPtr1++) {
      index += *iPtr1;
    }
    index = RANDOM_INDEX(tablePtr, index);

    /*
     * Search all of the entries in the appropriate bucket.
     */

    for (hPtr = tablePtr->buckets[index]; hPtr != NULL;
          hPtr = hPtr->nextPtr) {
      for (iPtr1 = arrayPtr, iPtr2 = hPtr->key.words,
            count = tablePtr->keyType; ; count--, iPtr1++, iPtr2++) {
          if (count == 0) {
            *newPtr = 0;
            return hPtr;
          }
          if (*iPtr1 != *iPtr2) {
            break;
          }
      }
    }

    /*
     * Entry not found.  Add a new one to the bucket.
     */

    *newPtr = 1;
    hPtr = (Tcl_HashEntry *) ckalloc((unsigned) (sizeof(Tcl_HashEntry)
          + (tablePtr->keyType*sizeof(int)) - 4));
    hPtr->tablePtr = tablePtr;
    hPtr->bucketPtr = &(tablePtr->buckets[index]);
    hPtr->nextPtr = *hPtr->bucketPtr;
    hPtr->clientData = 0;
    for (iPtr1 = arrayPtr, iPtr2 = hPtr->key.words, count = tablePtr->keyType;
          count > 0; count--, iPtr1++, iPtr2++) {
      *iPtr2 = *iPtr1;
    }
    *hPtr->bucketPtr = hPtr;
    tablePtr->numEntries++;

    /*
     * If the table has exceeded a decent size, rebuild it with many
     * more buckets.
     */

    if (tablePtr->numEntries >= tablePtr->rebuildSize) {
      RebuildTable(tablePtr);
    }
    return hPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * BogusFind --
 *
 *    This procedure is invoked when an Tcl_FindHashEntry is called
 *    on a table that has been deleted.
 *
 * Results:
 *    If panic returns (which it shouldn't) this procedure returns
 *    NULL.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Generates a panic.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
static Tcl_HashEntry *
BogusFind(tablePtr, key)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    CONST char *key;          /* Key to use to find matching entry. */
{
    panic("called Tcl_FindHashEntry on deleted table");
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * BogusCreate --
 *
 *    This procedure is invoked when an Tcl_CreateHashEntry is called
 *    on a table that has been deleted.
 *
 * Results:
 *    If panic returns (which it shouldn't) this procedure returns
 *    NULL.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Generates a panic.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
static Tcl_HashEntry *
BogusCreate(tablePtr, key, newPtr)
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Table in which to lookup entry. */
    CONST char *key;          /* Key to use to find or create matching
                         * entry. */
    int *newPtr;        /* Store info here telling whether a new
                         * entry was created. */
{
    panic("called Tcl_CreateHashEntry on deleted table");
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * RebuildTable --
 *
 *    This procedure is invoked when the ratio of entries to hash
 *    buckets becomes too large.  It creates a new table with a
 *    larger bucket array and moves all of the entries into the
 *    new table.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Memory gets reallocated and entries get re-hashed to new
 *    buckets.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static void
RebuildTable(tablePtr)
    register Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;     /* Table to enlarge. */
{
    int oldSize, count, index;
    Tcl_HashEntry **oldBuckets;
    register Tcl_HashEntry **oldChainPtr, **newChainPtr;
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;

    oldSize = tablePtr->numBuckets;
    oldBuckets = tablePtr->buckets;

    /*
     * Allocate and initialize the new bucket array, and set up
     * hashing constants for new array size.
     */

    tablePtr->numBuckets *= 4;
    tablePtr->buckets = (Tcl_HashEntry **) ckalloc((unsigned)
          (tablePtr->numBuckets * sizeof(Tcl_HashEntry *)));
    for (count = tablePtr->numBuckets, newChainPtr = tablePtr->buckets;
          count > 0; count--, newChainPtr++) {
      *newChainPtr = NULL;
    }
    tablePtr->rebuildSize *= 4;
    tablePtr->downShift -= 2;
    tablePtr->mask = (tablePtr->mask << 2) + 3;

    /*
     * Rehash all of the existing entries into the new bucket array.
     */

    for (oldChainPtr = oldBuckets; oldSize > 0; oldSize--, oldChainPtr++) {
      for (hPtr = *oldChainPtr; hPtr != NULL; hPtr = *oldChainPtr) {
          *oldChainPtr = hPtr->nextPtr;
          if (tablePtr->keyType == TCL_STRING_KEYS) {
            index = HashString(hPtr->key.string) & tablePtr->mask;
          } else if (tablePtr->keyType == TCL_ONE_WORD_KEYS) {
            index = RANDOM_INDEX(tablePtr, hPtr->key.oneWordValue);
          } else {
            register int *iPtr;
            int count;

            for (index = 0, count = tablePtr->keyType,
                  iPtr = hPtr->key.words; count > 0; count--, iPtr++) {
                index += *iPtr;
            }
            index = RANDOM_INDEX(tablePtr, index);
          }
          hPtr->bucketPtr = &(tablePtr->buckets[index]);
          hPtr->nextPtr = *hPtr->bucketPtr;
          *hPtr->bucketPtr = hPtr;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Free up the old bucket array, if it was dynamically allocated.
     */

    if (oldBuckets != tablePtr->staticBuckets) {
      ckfree((char *) oldBuckets);
    }
}

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