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tclVar.c

/* 
 * tclVar.c --
 *
 *    This file contains routines that implement Tcl variables
 *    (both scalars and arrays).
 *
 *    The implementation of arrays is modelled after an initial
 *    implementation by Mark Diekhans and Karl Lehenbauer.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1987-1994 The Regents of the University of California.
 * Copyright (c) 1994-1997 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 by Scriptics Corporation.
 *
 * See the file "license.terms" for information on usage and redistribution
 * of this file, and for a DISCLAIMER OF ALL WARRANTIES.
 *
 * RCS: @(#) $Id: tclVar.c,v 1.7 1999/02/03 00:55:06 stanton Exp $
 */

#include "tclInt.h"
#include "tclPort.h"

/*
 * The strings below are used to indicate what went wrong when a
 * variable access is denied.
 */

static char *noSuchVar =      "no such variable";
static char *isArray =        "variable is array";
static char *needArray =      "variable isn't array";
static char *noSuchElement =  "no such element in array";
static char *danglingElement =  "upvar refers to element in deleted array";
static char *danglingVar =     "upvar refers to variable in deleted namespace";
static char *badNamespace =   "parent namespace doesn't exist";
static char *missingName =    "missing variable name";

/*
 * Forward references to procedures defined later in this file:
 */

static  char *          CallTraces _ANSI_ARGS_((Interp *iPtr, Var *arrayPtr,
                      Var *varPtr, char *part1, char *part2,
                      int flags));
static void       CleanupVar _ANSI_ARGS_((Var *varPtr,
                      Var *arrayPtr));
static void       DeleteSearches _ANSI_ARGS_((Var *arrayVarPtr));
static void       DeleteArray _ANSI_ARGS_((Interp *iPtr,
                      char *arrayName, Var *varPtr, int flags));
static int        MakeUpvar _ANSI_ARGS_((
                      Interp *iPtr, CallFrame *framePtr,
                      char *otherP1, char *otherP2, int otherFlags,
                      char *myName, int myFlags));
static Var *            NewVar _ANSI_ARGS_((void));
static ArraySearch *    ParseSearchId _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_Interp *interp,
                      Var *varPtr, char *varName, char *string));
static void       VarErrMsg _ANSI_ARGS_((Tcl_Interp *interp,
                      char *part1, char *part2, char *operation,
                      char *reason));

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclLookupVar --
 *
 *    This procedure is used by virtually all of the variable code to
 *    locate a variable given its name(s).
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a pointer to the variable structure indicated by
 *    part1 and part2, or NULL if the variable couldn't be found. If the
 *    variable is found, *arrayPtrPtr is filled in with the address of the
 *    variable structure for the array that contains the variable (or NULL
 *    if the variable is a scalar). If the variable can't be found and
 *    either createPart1 or createPart2 are 1, a new as-yet-undefined
 *    (VAR_UNDEFINED) variable structure is created, entered into a hash
 *    table, and returned.
 *
 *    If the variable isn't found and creation wasn't specified, or some
 *    other error occurs, NULL is returned and an error message is left in
 *    interp->result if TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG is set in flags. (The result
 *    isn't put in interp->objResultPtr because this procedure is used
 *    by so many string-based routines.)
 *
 *    Note: it's possible for the variable returned to be VAR_UNDEFINED
 *    even if createPart1 or createPart2 are 1 (these only cause the hash
 *    table entry or array to be created). For example, the variable might
 *    be a global that has been unset but is still referenced by a
 *    procedure, or a variable that has been unset but it only being kept
 *    in existence (if VAR_UNDEFINED) by a trace.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    New hashtable entries may be created if createPart1 or createPart2
 *    are 1.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Var *
TclLookupVar(interp, part1, part2, flags, msg, createPart1, createPart2,
        arrayPtrPtr)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter to use for lookup. */
    char *part1;        /* If part2 isn't NULL, this is the name of
                         * an array. Otherwise, if the
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1 flag bit is set this
                         * is a full variable name that could
                         * include a parenthesized array elemnt. If
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1 isn't present, then
                         * this is the name of a scalar variable. */
    char *part2;        /* Name of element within array, or NULL. */
    int flags;                /* Only TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY, TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY,
                         * TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG, and
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1 bits matter. */
    char *msg;                /* Verb to use in error messages, e.g.
                         * "read" or "set". Only needed if
                         * TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG is set in flags. */
    int createPart1;          /* If 1, create hash table entry for part 1
                         * of name, if it doesn't already exist. If
                         * 0, return error if it doesn't exist. */
    int createPart2;          /* If 1, create hash table entry for part 2
                         * of name, if it doesn't already exist. If
                         * 0, return error if it doesn't exist. */
    Var **arrayPtrPtr;        /* If the name refers to an element of an
                         * array, *arrayPtrPtr gets filled in with
                         * address of array variable. Otherwise
                         * this is set to NULL. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    CallFrame *varFramePtr = iPtr->varFramePtr;
                        /* Points to the procedure call frame whose
                         * variables are currently in use. Same as
                         * the current procedure's frame, if any,
                         * unless an "uplevel" is executing. */
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Points to the hashtable, if any, in which
                         * to look up the variable. */
    Tcl_Var var;                /* Used to search for global names. */
    Var *varPtr;        /* Points to the Var structure returned for
                         * the variable. */
    char *elName;       /* Name of array element or NULL; may be
                         * same as part2, or may be openParen+1. */
    char *openParen, *closeParen;
                                /* If this procedure parses a name into
                         * array and index, these point to the
                         * parens around the index.  Otherwise they
                         * are NULL. These are needed to restore
                         * the parens after parsing the name. */
    Namespace *varNsPtr, *cxtNsPtr, *dummy1Ptr, *dummy2Ptr;
    ResolverScheme *resPtr;
    Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    register char *p;
    int new, i, result;

    varPtr = NULL;
    *arrayPtrPtr = NULL;
    openParen = closeParen = NULL;
    varNsPtr = NULL;          /* set non-NULL if a nonlocal variable */

    /*
     * If the name hasn't been parsed into array name and index yet,
     * do it now.
     */

    elName = part2;
    if (flags & TCL_PARSE_PART1) {
      for (p = part1; ; p++) {
          if (*p == 0) {
            elName = NULL;
            break;
          }
          if (*p == '(') {
            openParen = p;
            do {
                p++;
            } while (*p != '\0');
            p--;
            if (*p == ')') {
                closeParen = p;
                *openParen = 0;
                elName = openParen+1;
            } else {
                openParen = NULL;
                elName = NULL;
            }
            break;
          }
      }
    }

    /*
     * If this namespace has a variable resolver, then give it first
     * crack at the variable resolution.  It may return a Tcl_Var
     * value, it may signal to continue onward, or it may signal
     * an error.
     */
    if ((flags & TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY) != 0 || iPtr->varFramePtr == NULL) {
        cxtNsPtr = iPtr->globalNsPtr;
    } else {
        cxtNsPtr = iPtr->varFramePtr->nsPtr;
    }

    if (cxtNsPtr->varResProc != NULL || iPtr->resolverPtr != NULL) {
        resPtr = iPtr->resolverPtr;

        if (cxtNsPtr->varResProc) {
            result = (*cxtNsPtr->varResProc)(interp, part1,
                (Tcl_Namespace *) cxtNsPtr, flags, &var);
        } else {
            result = TCL_CONTINUE;
        }

        while (result == TCL_CONTINUE && resPtr) {
            if (resPtr->varResProc) {
                result = (*resPtr->varResProc)(interp, part1,
                  (Tcl_Namespace *) cxtNsPtr, flags, &var);
            }
            resPtr = resPtr->nextPtr;
        }

        if (result == TCL_OK) {
            varPtr = (Var *) var;
            goto lookupVarPart2;
        } else if (result != TCL_CONTINUE) {
            return (Var *) NULL;
        }
    }

    /*
     * Look up part1. Look it up as either a namespace variable or as a
     * local variable in a procedure call frame (varFramePtr).
     * Interpret part1 as a namespace variable if:
     *    1) so requested by a TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY or TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY flag,
     *    2) there is no active frame (we're at the global :: scope),
     *    3) the active frame was pushed to define the namespace context
     *       for a "namespace eval" or "namespace inscope" command,
     *    4) the name has namespace qualifiers ("::"s).
     * Otherwise, if part1 is a local variable, search first in the
     * frame's array of compiler-allocated local variables, then in its
     * hashtable for runtime-created local variables.
     *
     * If createPart1 and the variable isn't found, create the variable and,
     * if necessary, create varFramePtr's local var hashtable.
     */

    if (((flags & (TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY | TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY)) != 0)
          || (varFramePtr == NULL)
          || !varFramePtr->isProcCallFrame
          || (strstr(part1, "::") != NULL)) {
      char *tail;
      
      /*
       * Don't pass TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG, we may yet create the variable,
       * or otherwise generate our own error!
       */
      var = Tcl_FindNamespaceVar(interp, part1, (Tcl_Namespace *) NULL,
            flags & ~TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG);
      if (var != (Tcl_Var) NULL) {
            varPtr = (Var *) var;
        }
      if (varPtr == NULL) {
          if (createPart1) {   /* var wasn't found so create it  */
            TclGetNamespaceForQualName(interp, part1, (Namespace *) NULL,
                  flags, &varNsPtr, &dummy1Ptr, &dummy2Ptr, &tail);
            if (varNsPtr == NULL) {
                if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
                  VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, badNamespace);
                }
                goto done;
            }
            if (tail == NULL) {
                if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
                  VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, missingName);
                }
                goto done;
            }
            hPtr = Tcl_CreateHashEntry(&varNsPtr->varTable, tail, &new);
            varPtr = NewVar();
            Tcl_SetHashValue(hPtr, varPtr);
            varPtr->hPtr = hPtr;
            varPtr->nsPtr = varNsPtr;
          } else {            /* var wasn't found and not to create it */
            if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
                VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, noSuchVar);
            }
            goto done;
          }
      }
    } else {                  /* local var: look in frame varFramePtr */
      Proc *procPtr = varFramePtr->procPtr;
      int localCt = procPtr->numCompiledLocals;
      CompiledLocal *localPtr = procPtr->firstLocalPtr;
      Var *localVarPtr = varFramePtr->compiledLocals;
      int part1Len = strlen(part1);
      
      for (i = 0;  i < localCt;  i++) {
          if (!TclIsVarTemporary(localPtr)) {
            char *localName = localVarPtr->name;
            if ((part1[0] == localName[0])
                    && (part1Len == localPtr->nameLength)
                    && (strcmp(part1, localName) == 0)) {
                varPtr = localVarPtr;
                break;
            }
          }
          localVarPtr++;
          localPtr = localPtr->nextPtr;
      }
      if (varPtr == NULL) {   /* look in the frame's var hash table */
          tablePtr = varFramePtr->varTablePtr;
          if (createPart1) {
            if (tablePtr == NULL) {
                tablePtr = (Tcl_HashTable *)
                  ckalloc(sizeof(Tcl_HashTable));
                Tcl_InitHashTable(tablePtr, TCL_STRING_KEYS);
                varFramePtr->varTablePtr = tablePtr;
            }
            hPtr = Tcl_CreateHashEntry(tablePtr, part1, &new);
            if (new) {
                varPtr = NewVar();
                Tcl_SetHashValue(hPtr, varPtr);
                varPtr->hPtr = hPtr;
                    varPtr->nsPtr = NULL; /* a local variable */
            } else {
                varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
            }
          } else {
            hPtr = NULL;
            if (tablePtr != NULL) {
                hPtr = Tcl_FindHashEntry(tablePtr, part1);
            }
            if (hPtr == NULL) {
                if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
                  VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, noSuchVar);
                }
                goto done;
            }
            varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
          }
      }
    }

    lookupVarPart2:
    if (openParen != NULL) {
      *openParen = '(';
      openParen = NULL;
    }

    /*
     * If varPtr is a link variable, we have a reference to some variable
     * that was created through an "upvar" or "global" command. Traverse
     * through any links until we find the referenced variable.
     */
      
    while (TclIsVarLink(varPtr)) {
      varPtr = varPtr->value.linkPtr;
    }

    /*
     * If we're not dealing with an array element, return varPtr.
     */
    
    if (elName == NULL) {
        goto done;
    }

    /*
     * We're dealing with an array element. Make sure the variable is an
     * array and look up the element (create the element if desired).
     */

    if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr) && !TclIsVarArrayElement(varPtr)) {
      if (!createPart1) {
          if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, noSuchVar);
          }
          varPtr = NULL;
          goto done;
      }

      /*
       * Make sure we are not resurrecting a namespace variable from a
       * deleted namespace!
       */
      if ((varPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE) && (varPtr->hPtr == NULL)) {
          if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, danglingVar);
          }
          varPtr = NULL;
          goto done;
      }

      TclSetVarArray(varPtr);
      TclClearVarUndefined(varPtr);
      varPtr->value.tablePtr =
          (Tcl_HashTable *) ckalloc(sizeof(Tcl_HashTable));
      Tcl_InitHashTable(varPtr->value.tablePtr, TCL_STRING_KEYS);
    } else if (!TclIsVarArray(varPtr)) {
      if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
          VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, needArray);
      }
      varPtr = NULL;
      goto done;
    }
    *arrayPtrPtr = varPtr;
    if (closeParen != NULL) {
      *closeParen = 0;
    }
    if (createPart2) {
      hPtr = Tcl_CreateHashEntry(varPtr->value.tablePtr, elName, &new);
      if (closeParen != NULL) {
          *closeParen = ')';
      }
      if (new) {
          if (varPtr->searchPtr != NULL) {
            DeleteSearches(varPtr);
          }
          varPtr = NewVar();
          Tcl_SetHashValue(hPtr, varPtr);
          varPtr->hPtr = hPtr;
          varPtr->nsPtr = varNsPtr;
          TclSetVarArrayElement(varPtr);
      }
    } else {
      hPtr = Tcl_FindHashEntry(varPtr->value.tablePtr, elName);
      if (closeParen != NULL) {
          *closeParen = ')';
      }
      if (hPtr == NULL) {
          if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, msg, noSuchElement);
          }
          varPtr = NULL;
          goto done;
      }
    }
    varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);

    done:
    if (openParen != NULL) {
        *openParen = '(';
    }
    return varPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_GetVar --
 *
 *    Return the value of a Tcl variable as a string.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value points to the current value of varName as a string.
 *    If the variable is not defined or can't be read because of a clash
 *    in array usage then a NULL pointer is returned and an error message
 *    is left in interp->result if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set.
 *    Note: the return value is only valid up until the next change to the
 *    variable; if you depend on the value lasting longer than that, then
 *    make yourself a private copy.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

char *
Tcl_GetVar(interp, varName, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which varName is
                         * to be looked up. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of a variable in interp. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed combination of TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY or TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG
                         * bits. */
{
    return Tcl_GetVar2(interp, varName, (char *) NULL,
          (flags | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_GetVar2 --
 *
 *    Return the value of a Tcl variable as a string, given a two-part
 *    name consisting of array name and element within array.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value points to the current value of the variable given
 *    by part1 and part2 as a string. If the specified variable doesn't
 *    exist, or if there is a clash in array usage, then NULL is returned
 *    and a message will be left in interp->result if the
 *    TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set. Note: the return value is only valid
 *    up until the next change to the variable; if you depend on the value
 *    lasting longer than that, then make yourself a private copy.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

char *
Tcl_GetVar2(interp, part1, part2, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be looked up. */
    char *part1;        /* Name of an array (if part2 is non-NULL)
                         * or the name of a variable. */
    char *part2;        /* If non-NULL, gives the name of an element
                         * in the array part1. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed combination of TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY, TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG,
                                 * and TCL_PARSE_PART1 bits. */
{
    register Tcl_Obj *part1Ptr;
    register Tcl_Obj *part2Ptr = NULL;
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr;
    int length;

    length = strlen(part1);
    TclNewObj(part1Ptr);
    TclInitStringRep(part1Ptr, part1, length);
    Tcl_IncrRefCount(part1Ptr);

    if (part2 != NULL) {
        length = strlen(part2);
        TclNewObj(part2Ptr);
        TclInitStringRep(part2Ptr, part2, length);
      Tcl_IncrRefCount(part2Ptr);
    }
    
    objPtr = Tcl_ObjGetVar2(interp, part1Ptr, part2Ptr, flags);
    
    TclDecrRefCount(part1Ptr);          /* done with the part1 name object */
    if (part2Ptr != NULL) {
      TclDecrRefCount(part2Ptr);  /* and the part2 name object */
    }
    
    if (objPtr == NULL) {
      /*
       * Move the interpreter's object result to the string result, 
       * then reset the object result.
       * FAILS IF OBJECT RESULT'S STRING REPRESENTATION CONTAINS NULLS.
       */

      Tcl_SetResult(interp,
              TclGetStringFromObj(Tcl_GetObjResult(interp), (int *) NULL),
              TCL_VOLATILE);
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * THIS FAILS IF Tcl_ObjGetVar2's RESULT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
     */
    
    return TclGetStringFromObj(objPtr, (int *) NULL);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_ObjGetVar2 --
 *
 *    Return the value of a Tcl variable as a Tcl object, given a
 *    two-part name consisting of array name and element within array.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value points to the current object value of the variable
 *    given by part1Ptr and part2Ptr. If the specified variable doesn't
 *    exist, or if there is a clash in array usage, then NULL is returned
 *    and a message will be left in the interpreter's result if the
 *    TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The ref count for the returned object is _not_ incremented to
 *    reflect the returned reference; if you want to keep a reference to
 *    the object you must increment its ref count yourself.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_ObjGetVar2(interp, part1Ptr, part2Ptr, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be looked up. */
    register Tcl_Obj *part1Ptr;     /* Points to an object holding the name of
                         * an array (if part2 is non-NULL) or the
                         * name of a variable. */
    register Tcl_Obj *part2Ptr;     /* If non-null, points to an object holding
                         * the name of an element in the array
                         * part1Ptr. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed combination of TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG, and
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1 bits. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    register Var *varPtr;
    Var *arrayPtr;
    char *part1, *msg;
    char *part2 = NULL;

    /*
     * THIS FAILS IF A NAME OBJECT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
     */

    part1 = TclGetStringFromObj(part1Ptr, (int *) NULL);
    if (part2Ptr != NULL) {
      part2 = TclGetStringFromObj(part2Ptr, (int *) NULL);
    }
    varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, part1, part2, flags, "read",
            /*createPart1*/ 0, /*createPart2*/ 1, &arrayPtr);
    if (varPtr == NULL) {
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Invoke any traces that have been set for the variable.
     */

    if ((varPtr->tracePtr != NULL)
          || ((arrayPtr != NULL) && (arrayPtr->tracePtr != NULL))) {
      msg = CallTraces(iPtr, arrayPtr, varPtr, part1, part2,
            (flags & (TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY|TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY|TCL_PARSE_PART1)) | TCL_TRACE_READS);
      if (msg != NULL) {
          if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, "read", msg);
          }
          goto errorReturn;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Return the element if it's an existing scalar variable.
     */
    
    if (TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      return varPtr->value.objPtr;
    }
    
    if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
      if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr) && (arrayPtr != NULL)
              && !TclIsVarUndefined(arrayPtr)) {
          msg = noSuchElement;
      } else if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr)) {
          msg = isArray;
      } else {
          msg = noSuchVar;
      }
      VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, "read", msg);
    }

    /*
     * An error. If the variable doesn't exist anymore and no-one's using
     * it, then free up the relevant structures and hash table entries.
     */

    errorReturn:
    if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      CleanupVar(varPtr, arrayPtr);
    }
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclGetIndexedScalar --
 *
 *    Return the Tcl object value of a local scalar variable in the active
 *    procedure, given its index in the procedure's array of compiler
 *    allocated local variables.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value points to the current object value of the variable
 *    given by localIndex. If the specified variable doesn't exist, or
 *    there is a clash in array usage, or an error occurs while executing
 *    variable traces, then NULL is returned and a message will be left in
 *    the interpreter's result if leaveErrorMsg is 1.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The ref count for the returned object is _not_ incremented to
 *    reflect the returned reference; if you want to keep a reference to
 *    the object you must increment its ref count yourself.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
TclGetIndexedScalar(interp, localIndex, leaveErrorMsg)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be looked up. */
    int localIndex;           /* Index of variable in procedure's array
                         * of local variables. */
    int leaveErrorMsg;        /* 1 if to leave an error message in
                         * interpreter's result on an error.
                         * Otherwise no error message is left. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    CallFrame *varFramePtr = iPtr->varFramePtr;
                        /* Points to the procedure call frame whose
                         * variables are currently in use. Same as
                         * the current procedure's frame, if any,
                         * unless an "uplevel" is executing. */
    Var *compiledLocals = varFramePtr->compiledLocals;
    Var *varPtr;        /* Points to the variable's in-frame Var
                         * structure. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of the local variable. */
    char *msg;

#ifdef TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG
    Proc *procPtr = varFramePtr->procPtr;
    int localCt = procPtr->numCompiledLocals;

    if (compiledLocals == NULL) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclGetIndexedScalar: can't get local %i in frame 0x%x, no compiled locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
      panic("TclGetIndexedScalar: no compiled locals in frame 0x%x",
            (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
    if ((localIndex < 0) || (localIndex >= localCt)) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclGetIndexedScalar: can't get local %i in frame 0x%x with %i locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr, localCt);
      panic("TclGetIndexedScalar: bad local index %i in frame 0x%x",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
#endif /* TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG */
    
    varPtr = &(compiledLocals[localIndex]);
    varName = varPtr->name;

    /*
     * If varPtr is a link variable, we have a reference to some variable
     * that was created through an "upvar" or "global" command, or we have a
     * reference to a variable in an enclosing namespace. Traverse through
     * any links until we find the referenced variable.
     */
      
    while (TclIsVarLink(varPtr)) {
      varPtr = varPtr->value.linkPtr;
    }

    /*
     * Invoke any traces that have been set for the variable.
     */

    if (varPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
      msg = CallTraces(iPtr, /*arrayPtr*/ NULL, varPtr, varName, NULL,
              TCL_TRACE_READS);
      if (msg != NULL) {
          if (leaveErrorMsg) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, varName, NULL, "read", msg);
          }
          return NULL;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Make sure we're dealing with a scalar variable and not an array, and
     * that the variable exists (isn't undefined).
     */

    if (!TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) || TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      if (leaveErrorMsg) {
          if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr)) {
            msg = isArray;
          } else {
            msg = noSuchVar;
          }
          VarErrMsg(interp, varName, NULL, "read", msg);
      }
      return NULL;
    }
    return varPtr->value.objPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclGetElementOfIndexedArray --
 *
 *    Return the Tcl object value for an element in a local array
 *    variable. The element is named by the object elemPtr while the 
 *    array is specified by its index in the active procedure's array
 *    of compiler allocated local variables.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value points to the current object value of the
 *    element. If the specified array or element doesn't exist, or there
 *    is a clash in array usage, or an error occurs while executing
 *    variable traces, then NULL is returned and a message will be left in
 *    the interpreter's result if leaveErrorMsg is 1.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The ref count for the returned object is _not_ incremented to
 *    reflect the returned reference; if you want to keep a reference to
 *    the object you must increment its ref count yourself.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
TclGetElementOfIndexedArray(interp, localIndex, elemPtr, leaveErrorMsg)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be looked up. */
    int localIndex;           /* Index of array variable in procedure's
                         * array of local variables. */
    Tcl_Obj *elemPtr;         /* Points to an object holding the name of
                         * an element to get in the array. */
    int leaveErrorMsg;        /* 1 if to leave an error message in
                         * the interpreter's result on an error.
                         * Otherwise no error message is left. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    CallFrame *varFramePtr = iPtr->varFramePtr;
                        /* Points to the procedure call frame whose
                         * variables are currently in use. Same as
                         * the current procedure's frame, if any,
                         * unless an "uplevel" is executing. */
    Var *compiledLocals = varFramePtr->compiledLocals;
    Var *arrayPtr;            /* Points to the array's in-frame Var
                         * structure. */
    char *arrayName;          /* Name of the local array. */
    Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    Var *varPtr = NULL;       /* Points to the element's Var structure
                         * that we return. Initialized to avoid
                         * compiler warning. */
    char *elem, *msg;
    int new;

#ifdef TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG
    Proc *procPtr = varFramePtr->procPtr;
    int localCt = procPtr->numCompiledLocals;

    if (compiledLocals == NULL) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclGetElementOfIndexedArray: can't get element of local %i in frame 0x%x, no compiled locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
      panic("TclGetIndexedScalar: no compiled locals in frame 0x%x",
            (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
    if ((localIndex < 0) || (localIndex >= localCt)) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclGetIndexedScalar: can't get element of local %i in frame 0x%x with %i locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr, localCt);
      panic("TclGetElementOfIndexedArray: bad local index %i in frame 0x%x",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
#endif /* TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG */

    /*
     * THIS FAILS IF THE ELEMENT NAME OBJECT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
     */
    
    elem = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(elemPtr, (int *) NULL);
    arrayPtr = &(compiledLocals[localIndex]);
    arrayName = arrayPtr->name;

    /*
     * If arrayPtr is a link variable, we have a reference to some variable
     * that was created through an "upvar" or "global" command, or we have a
     * reference to a variable in an enclosing namespace. Traverse through
     * any links until we find the referenced variable.
     */
      
    while (TclIsVarLink(arrayPtr)) {
      arrayPtr = arrayPtr->value.linkPtr;
    }

    /*
     * Make sure we're dealing with an array and that the array variable
     * exists (isn't undefined).
     */

    if (!TclIsVarArray(arrayPtr) || TclIsVarUndefined(arrayPtr)) {
      if (leaveErrorMsg) {
          VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "read", noSuchVar);
      }
      goto errorReturn;
    } 

    /*
     * Look up the element. Note that we must create the element (but leave
     * it marked undefined) if it does not already exist. This allows a
     * trace to create new array elements "on the fly" that did not exist
     * before. A trace is always passed a variable for the array element. If
     * the trace does not define the variable, it will be deleted below (at
     * errorReturn) and an error returned.
     */

    hPtr = Tcl_CreateHashEntry(arrayPtr->value.tablePtr, elem, &new);
    if (new) {
      if (arrayPtr->searchPtr != NULL) {
          DeleteSearches(arrayPtr);
      }
      varPtr = NewVar();
      Tcl_SetHashValue(hPtr, varPtr);
      varPtr->hPtr = hPtr;
      varPtr->nsPtr = varFramePtr->nsPtr;
      TclSetVarArrayElement(varPtr);
    } else {
      varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
    }

    /*
     * Invoke any traces that have been set for the element variable.
     */

    if ((varPtr->tracePtr != NULL)
            || ((arrayPtr != NULL) && (arrayPtr->tracePtr != NULL))) {
      msg = CallTraces(iPtr, arrayPtr, varPtr, arrayName, elem,
              TCL_TRACE_READS);
      if (msg != NULL) {
          if (leaveErrorMsg) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "read", msg);
          }
          goto errorReturn;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Return the element if it's an existing scalar variable.
     */
    
    if (TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      return varPtr->value.objPtr;
    }
    
    if (leaveErrorMsg) {
      if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr)) {
          msg = isArray;
      } else {
          msg = noSuchVar;
      }
      VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "read", msg);
    }

    /*
     * An error. If the variable doesn't exist anymore and no-one's using
     * it, then free up the relevant structures and hash table entries.
     */

    errorReturn:
    if ((varPtr != NULL) && TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      CleanupVar(varPtr, NULL); /* the array is not in a hashtable */
    }
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_SetCmd --
 *
 *    This procedure is invoked to process the "set" Tcl command.
 *    See the user documentation for details on what it does.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl result value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A variable's value may be changed.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
int
Tcl_SetCmd(dummy, interp, argc, argv)
    ClientData dummy;               /* Not used. */
    register Tcl_Interp *interp;    /* Current interpreter. */
    int argc;                       /* Number of arguments. */
    char **argv;              /* Argument strings. */
{
    if (argc == 2) {
      char *value;

      value = Tcl_GetVar2(interp, argv[1], (char *) NULL,
            TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG|TCL_PARSE_PART1);
      if (value == NULL) {
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
      Tcl_SetResult(interp, value, TCL_VOLATILE);
      return TCL_OK;
    } else if (argc == 3) {
      char *result;

      result = Tcl_SetVar2(interp, argv[1], (char *) NULL, argv[2],
            TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG|TCL_PARSE_PART1);
      if (result == NULL) {
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
      Tcl_SetResult(interp, result, TCL_VOLATILE);
      return TCL_OK;
    } else {
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"",
            argv[0], " varName ?newValue?\"", (char *) NULL);
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_SetVar --
 *
 *    Change the value of a variable.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the malloc'ed string which is the character
 *    representation of the variable's new value. The caller must not
 *    modify this string. If the write operation was disallowed then NULL
 *    is returned; if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set, then an
 *    explanatory message will be left in interp->result. Note that the
 *    returned string may not be the same as newValue; this is because
 *    variable traces may modify the variable's value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    If varName is defined as a local or global variable in interp,
 *    its value is changed to newValue. If varName isn't currently
 *    defined, then a new global variable by that name is created.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

char *
Tcl_SetVar(interp, varName, newValue, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which varName is
                         * to be looked up. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of a variable in interp. */
    char *newValue;           /* New value for varName. */
    int flags;                /* Various flags that tell how to set value:
                         * any of TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY, TCL_APPEND_VALUE,
                         * TCL_LIST_ELEMENT, TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG. */
{
    return Tcl_SetVar2(interp, varName, (char *) NULL, newValue,
          (flags | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_SetVar2 --
 *
 *      Given a two-part variable name, which may refer either to a
 *      scalar variable or an element of an array, change the value
 *      of the variable.  If the named scalar or array or element
 *      doesn't exist then create one.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the malloc'ed string which is the character
 *    representation of the variable's new value. The caller must not
 *    modify this string. If the write operation was disallowed because an
 *    array was expected but not found (or vice versa), then NULL is
 *    returned; if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set, then an explanatory
 *    message will be left in interp->result. Note that the returned
 *    string may not be the same as newValue; this is because variable
 *    traces may modify the variable's value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *      The value of the given variable is set. If either the array
 *      or the entry didn't exist then a new one is created.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

char *
Tcl_SetVar2(interp, part1, part2, newValue, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;         /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                                 * to be looked up. */
    char *part1;                /* If part2 is NULL, this is name of scalar
                                 * variable. Otherwise it is the name of
                                 * an array. */
    char *part2;                /* Name of an element within an array, or
                         * NULL. */
    char *newValue;             /* New value for variable. */
    int flags;                  /* Various flags that tell how to set value:
                         * any of TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY, TCL_APPEND_VALUE,
                         * TCL_LIST_ELEMENT, TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG, or 
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1. */
{
    register Tcl_Obj *valuePtr;
    register Tcl_Obj *part1Ptr;
    register Tcl_Obj *part2Ptr = NULL;
    Tcl_Obj *varValuePtr;
    int length;

    /*
     * Create an object holding the variable's new value and use
     * Tcl_ObjSetVar2 to actually set the variable.
     */

    length = newValue ? strlen(newValue) : 0;
    TclNewObj(valuePtr);
    TclInitStringRep(valuePtr, newValue, length);
    Tcl_IncrRefCount(valuePtr);

    length = strlen(part1) ;
    TclNewObj(part1Ptr);
    TclInitStringRep(part1Ptr, part1, length);
    Tcl_IncrRefCount(part1Ptr);

    if (part2 != NULL) {
        length = strlen(part2);
        TclNewObj(part2Ptr);
        TclInitStringRep(part2Ptr, part2, length);
      Tcl_IncrRefCount(part2Ptr);
    }
    
    varValuePtr = Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, part1Ptr, part2Ptr, valuePtr,
          flags);
    
    TclDecrRefCount(part1Ptr);      /* done with the part1 name object */
    if (part2Ptr != NULL) {
      TclDecrRefCount(part2Ptr);  /* and the part2 name object */
    }
    Tcl_DecrRefCount(valuePtr); /* done with the object */
    
    if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
      /*
       * Move the interpreter's object result to the string result, 
       * then reset the object result.
       * FAILS IF OBJECT RESULT'S STRING REPRESENTATION CONTAINS NULLS.
       */

      Tcl_SetResult(interp,
              TclGetStringFromObj(Tcl_GetObjResult(interp), (int *) NULL),
              TCL_VOLATILE);
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * THIS FAILS IF Tcl_ObjSetVar2's RESULT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
     */

    return TclGetStringFromObj(varValuePtr, (int *) NULL);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_ObjSetVar2 --
 *
 *    Given a two-part variable name, which may refer either to a scalar
 *    variable or an element of an array, change the value of the variable
 *    to a new Tcl object value. If the named scalar or array or element
 *    doesn't exist then create one.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the Tcl_Obj holding the new value of the
 *    variable. If the write operation was disallowed because an array was
 *    expected but not found (or vice versa), then NULL is returned; if
 *    the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set, then an explanatory message will
 *    be left in the interpreter's result. Note that the returned object
 *    may not be the same one referenced by newValuePtr; this is because
 *    variable traces may modify the variable's value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The value of the given variable is set. If either the array or the
 *    entry didn't exist then a new variable is created.
 *
 *    The reference count is decremented for any old value of the variable
 *    and incremented for its new value. If the new value for the variable
 *    is not the same one referenced by newValuePtr (perhaps as a result
 *    of a variable trace), then newValuePtr's ref count is left unchanged
 *    by Tcl_ObjSetVar2. newValuePtr's ref count is also left unchanged if
 *    we are appending it as a string value: that is, if "flags" includes
 *    TCL_APPEND_VALUE but not TCL_LIST_ELEMENT.
 *
 *    The reference count for the returned object is _not_ incremented: if
 *    you want to keep a reference to the object you must increment its
 *    ref count yourself.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, part1Ptr, part2Ptr, newValuePtr, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be found. */
    register Tcl_Obj *part1Ptr;     /* Points to an object holding the name of
                         * an array (if part2 is non-NULL) or the
                         * name of a variable. */
    register Tcl_Obj *part2Ptr;     /* If non-null, points to an object holding
                         * the name of an element in the array
                         * part1Ptr. */
    Tcl_Obj *newValuePtr;     /* New value for variable. */
    int flags;                /* Various flags that tell how to set value:
                         * any of TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY, TCL_APPEND_VALUE,
                         * TCL_LIST_ELEMENT, TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG, or
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    register Var *varPtr;
    Var *arrayPtr;
    Tcl_Obj *oldValuePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr = NULL;
    char *part1, *bytes;
    char *part2 = NULL;
    int length, result;

    /*
     * THIS FAILS IF A NAME OBJECT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
     */

    part1 = TclGetStringFromObj(part1Ptr, (int *) NULL);
    if (part2Ptr != NULL) {
      part2 = TclGetStringFromObj(part2Ptr, (int *) NULL);
    }
    
    varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, part1, part2, flags, "set",
          /*createPart1*/ 1, /*createPart2*/ 1, &arrayPtr);
    if (varPtr == NULL) {
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * If the variable is in a hashtable and its hPtr field is NULL, then we
     * may have an upvar to an array element where the array was deleted
     * or an upvar to a namespace variable whose namespace was deleted.
     * Generate an error (allowing the variable to be reset would screw up
     * our storage allocation and is meaningless anyway).
     */

    if ((varPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE) && (varPtr->hPtr == NULL)) {
      if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
          if (TclIsVarArrayElement(varPtr)) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, "set", danglingElement);
          } else {
            VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, "set", danglingVar);
          }
      }
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * It's an error to try to set an array variable itself.
     */

    if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
          VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, "set", isArray);
      }
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * At this point, if we were appending, we used to call read traces: we
     * treated append as a read-modify-write. However, it seemed unlikely to
     * us that a real program would be interested in such reads being done
     * during a set operation.
     */

    /*
     * Set the variable's new value. If appending, append the new value to
     * the variable, either as a list element or as a string. Also, if
     * appending, then if the variable's old value is unshared we can modify
     * it directly, otherwise we must create a new copy to modify: this is
     * "copy on write".
     */

    oldValuePtr = varPtr->value.objPtr;
    if (flags & TCL_APPEND_VALUE) {
      if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr) && (oldValuePtr != NULL)) {
          Tcl_DecrRefCount(oldValuePtr);     /* discard old value */
          varPtr->value.objPtr = NULL;
          oldValuePtr = NULL;
      }
      if (flags & TCL_LIST_ELEMENT) {            /* append list element */
          if (oldValuePtr == NULL) {
            TclNewObj(oldValuePtr);
            varPtr->value.objPtr = oldValuePtr;
            Tcl_IncrRefCount(oldValuePtr); /* since var is reference */
          } else if (Tcl_IsShared(oldValuePtr)) {
            varPtr->value.objPtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(oldValuePtr);
            Tcl_DecrRefCount(oldValuePtr);
            oldValuePtr = varPtr->value.objPtr;
            Tcl_IncrRefCount(oldValuePtr); /* since var is reference */
          }
          result = Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, oldValuePtr,
                newValuePtr);
          if (result != TCL_OK) {
            return NULL;
          }
      } else {                         /* append string */
          /*
           * We append newValuePtr's bytes but don't change its ref count.
           */

          bytes = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(newValuePtr, &length);
          if (oldValuePtr == NULL) {
            varPtr->value.objPtr = Tcl_NewStringObj(bytes, length);
            Tcl_IncrRefCount(varPtr->value.objPtr);
          } else {
            if (Tcl_IsShared(oldValuePtr)) {   /* append to copy */
                varPtr->value.objPtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(oldValuePtr);
                TclDecrRefCount(oldValuePtr);
                oldValuePtr = varPtr->value.objPtr;
                Tcl_IncrRefCount(oldValuePtr); /* since var is ref */
            }
            Tcl_AppendToObj(oldValuePtr, bytes, length);
          }
      }
    } else {
      if (flags & TCL_LIST_ELEMENT) {            /* set var to list element */
          int neededBytes, listFlags;

          /*
           * We set the variable to the result of converting newValuePtr's
           * string rep to a list element. We do not change newValuePtr's
           * ref count.
           */

          if (oldValuePtr != NULL) {
            Tcl_DecrRefCount(oldValuePtr); /* discard old value */
          }
          bytes = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(newValuePtr, &length);
          neededBytes = Tcl_ScanElement(bytes, &listFlags);
          oldValuePtr = Tcl_NewObj();
          oldValuePtr->bytes = (char *)
            ckalloc((unsigned) (neededBytes + 1));
          oldValuePtr->length = Tcl_ConvertElement(bytes,
                oldValuePtr->bytes, listFlags);
          varPtr->value.objPtr = oldValuePtr;
          Tcl_IncrRefCount(varPtr->value.objPtr);
      } else if (newValuePtr != oldValuePtr) {
          varPtr->value.objPtr = newValuePtr;
          Tcl_IncrRefCount(newValuePtr);      /* var is another ref */
          if (oldValuePtr != NULL) {
            TclDecrRefCount(oldValuePtr);   /* discard old value */
          }
      }
    }
    TclSetVarScalar(varPtr);
    TclClearVarUndefined(varPtr);
    if (arrayPtr != NULL) {
      TclClearVarUndefined(arrayPtr);
    }

    /*
     * Invoke any write traces for the variable.
     */

    if ((varPtr->tracePtr != NULL)
          || ((arrayPtr != NULL) && (arrayPtr->tracePtr != NULL))) {
      char *msg = CallTraces(iPtr, arrayPtr, varPtr, part1, part2,
              (flags & (TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY|TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY|TCL_PARSE_PART1)) | TCL_TRACE_WRITES);
      if (msg != NULL) {
          if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, "set", msg);
          }
          goto cleanup;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Return the variable's value unless the variable was changed in some
     * gross way by a trace (e.g. it was unset and then recreated as an
     * array). 
     */

    if (TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      return varPtr->value.objPtr;
    }

    /*
     * A trace changed the value in some gross way. Return an empty string
     * object.
     */
    
    resultPtr = iPtr->emptyObjPtr;

    /*
     * If the variable doesn't exist anymore and no-one's using it, then
     * free up the relevant structures and hash table entries.
     */

    cleanup:
    if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      CleanupVar(varPtr, arrayPtr);
    }
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclSetIndexedScalar --
 *
 *    Change the Tcl object value of a local scalar variable in the active
 *    procedure, given its compile-time allocated index in the procedure's
 *    array of local variables.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the Tcl_Obj holding the new value of the
 *    variable given by localIndex. If the specified variable doesn't
 *    exist, or there is a clash in array usage, or an error occurs while
 *    executing variable traces, then NULL is returned and a message will
 *    be left in the interpreter's result if leaveErrorMsg is 1. Note
 *    that the returned object may not be the same one referenced by
 *    newValuePtr; this is because variable traces may modify the
 *    variable's value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The value of the given variable is set. The reference count is
 *    decremented for any old value of the variable and incremented for
 *    its new value. If as a result of a variable trace the new value for
 *    the variable is not the same one referenced by newValuePtr, then
 *    newValuePtr's ref count is left unchanged. The ref count for the
 *    returned object is _not_ incremented to reflect the returned
 *    reference; if you want to keep a reference to the object you must
 *    increment its ref count yourself. This procedure does not create
 *    new variables, but only sets those recognized at compile time.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
TclSetIndexedScalar(interp, localIndex, newValuePtr, leaveErrorMsg)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be found. */
    int localIndex;           /* Index of variable in procedure's array
                         * of local variables. */
    Tcl_Obj *newValuePtr;     /* New value for variable. */
    int leaveErrorMsg;        /* 1 if to leave an error message in
                         * the interpreter's result on an error.
                         * Otherwise no error message is left. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    CallFrame *varFramePtr = iPtr->varFramePtr;
                        /* Points to the procedure call frame whose
                         * variables are currently in use. Same as
                         * the current procedure's frame, if any,
                         * unless an "uplevel" is executing. */
    Var *compiledLocals = varFramePtr->compiledLocals;
    register Var *varPtr;     /* Points to the variable's in-frame Var
                         * structure. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of the local variable. */
    Tcl_Obj *oldValuePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr = NULL;

#ifdef TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG
    Proc *procPtr = varFramePtr->procPtr;
    int localCt = procPtr->numCompiledLocals;

    if (compiledLocals == NULL) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclSetIndexedScalar: can't set local %i in frame 0x%x, no compiled locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
      panic("TclSetIndexedScalar: no compiled locals in frame 0x%x",
            (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
    if ((localIndex < 0) || (localIndex >= localCt)) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclSetIndexedScalar: can't set local %i in frame 0x%x with %i locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr, localCt);
      panic("TclSetIndexedScalar: bad local index %i in frame 0x%x",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
#endif /* TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG */
    
    varPtr = &(compiledLocals[localIndex]);
    varName = varPtr->name;

    /*
     * If varPtr is a link variable, we have a reference to some variable
     * that was created through an "upvar" or "global" command, or we have a
     * reference to a variable in an enclosing namespace. Traverse through
     * any links until we find the referenced variable.
     */
      
    while (TclIsVarLink(varPtr)) {
      varPtr = varPtr->value.linkPtr;
    }

    /*
     * If the variable is in a hashtable and its hPtr field is NULL, then we
     * may have an upvar to an array element where the array was deleted
     * or an upvar to a namespace variable whose namespace was deleted.
     * Generate an error (allowing the variable to be reset would screw up
     * our storage allocation and is meaningless anyway).
     */

    if ((varPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE) && (varPtr->hPtr == NULL)) {
      if (leaveErrorMsg) {
          if (TclIsVarArrayElement(varPtr)) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, varName, NULL, "set", danglingElement);
          } else {
            VarErrMsg(interp, varName, NULL, "set", danglingVar);
          }
      }
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * It's an error to try to set an array variable itself.
     */

    if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      if (leaveErrorMsg) {
          VarErrMsg(interp, varName, NULL, "set", isArray);
      }
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Set the variable's new value and discard its old value. We don't
     * append with this "set" procedure so the old value isn't needed.
     */

    oldValuePtr = varPtr->value.objPtr;
    if (newValuePtr != oldValuePtr) {        /* set new value */
      varPtr->value.objPtr = newValuePtr;
      Tcl_IncrRefCount(newValuePtr);       /* var is another ref to obj */
      if (oldValuePtr != NULL) {
          TclDecrRefCount(oldValuePtr);    /* discard old value */
      }
    }
    TclSetVarScalar(varPtr);
    TclClearVarUndefined(varPtr);

    /*
     * Invoke any write traces for the variable.
     */

    if (varPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
      char *msg = CallTraces(iPtr, /*arrayPtr*/ NULL, varPtr,
              varName, (char *) NULL, TCL_TRACE_WRITES);
      if (msg != NULL) {
          if (leaveErrorMsg) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, varName, NULL, "set", msg);
          }
          goto cleanup;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Return the variable's value unless the variable was changed in some
     * gross way by a trace (e.g. it was unset and then recreated as an
     * array). If it was changed is a gross way, just return an empty string
     * object.
     */

    if (TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      return varPtr->value.objPtr;
    }
    
    resultPtr = Tcl_NewObj();

    /*
     * If the variable doesn't exist anymore and no-one's using it, then
     * free up the relevant structures and hash table entries.
     */

    cleanup:
    if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      CleanupVar(varPtr, NULL);
    }
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclSetElementOfIndexedArray --
 *
 *    Change the Tcl object value of an element in a local array
 *    variable. The element is named by the object elemPtr while the array
 *    is specified by its index in the active procedure's array of
 *    compiler allocated local variables.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the Tcl_Obj holding the new value of the
 *    element. If the specified array or element doesn't exist, or there
 *    is a clash in array usage, or an error occurs while executing
 *    variable traces, then NULL is returned and a message will be left in
 *    the interpreter's result if leaveErrorMsg is 1. Note that the
 *    returned object may not be the same one referenced by newValuePtr;
 *    this is because variable traces may modify the variable's value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The value of the given array element is set. The reference count is
 *    decremented for any old value of the element and incremented for its
 *    new value. If as a result of a variable trace the new value for the
 *    element is not the same one referenced by newValuePtr, then
 *    newValuePtr's ref count is left unchanged. The ref count for the
 *    returned object is _not_ incremented to reflect the returned
 *    reference; if you want to keep a reference to the object you must
 *    increment its ref count yourself. This procedure will not create new
 *    array variables, but only sets elements of those arrays recognized
 *    at compile time. However, if the entry doesn't exist then a new
 *    variable is created.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
TclSetElementOfIndexedArray(interp, localIndex, elemPtr, newValuePtr,
        leaveErrorMsg)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which the array is
                         * to be found. */
    int localIndex;           /* Index of array variable in procedure's
                         * array of local variables. */
    Tcl_Obj *elemPtr;         /* Points to an object holding the name of
                         * an element to set in the array. */
    Tcl_Obj *newValuePtr;     /* New value for variable. */
    int leaveErrorMsg;        /* 1 if to leave an error message in
                         * the interpreter's result on an error.
                         * Otherwise no error message is left. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    CallFrame *varFramePtr = iPtr->varFramePtr;
                        /* Points to the procedure call frame whose
                         * variables are currently in use. Same as
                         * the current procedure's frame, if any,
                         * unless an "uplevel" is executing. */
    Var *compiledLocals = varFramePtr->compiledLocals;
    Var *arrayPtr;            /* Points to the array's in-frame Var
                         * structure. */
    char *arrayName;          /* Name of the local array. */
    char *elem;
    Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    Var *varPtr = NULL;       /* Points to the element's Var structure
                         * that we return. */
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr = NULL;
    Tcl_Obj *oldValuePtr;
    int new;
    
#ifdef TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG
    Proc *procPtr = varFramePtr->procPtr;
    int localCt = procPtr->numCompiledLocals;

    if (compiledLocals == NULL) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclSetElementOfIndexedArray: can't set element of local %i in frame 0x%x, no compiled locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
      panic("TclSetIndexedScalar: no compiled locals in frame 0x%x",
            (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
    if ((localIndex < 0) || (localIndex >= localCt)) {
      fprintf(stderr, "\nTclSetIndexedScalar: can't set elememt of local %i in frame 0x%x with %i locals\n",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr, localCt);
      panic("TclSetElementOfIndexedArray: bad local index %i in frame 0x%x",
            localIndex, (unsigned int) varFramePtr);
    }
#endif /* TCL_COMPILE_DEBUG */

    /*
     * THIS FAILS IF THE ELEMENT NAME OBJECT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
     */
    
    elem = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(elemPtr, (int *) NULL);
    arrayPtr = &(compiledLocals[localIndex]);
    arrayName = arrayPtr->name;

    /*
     * If arrayPtr is a link variable, we have a reference to some variable
     * that was created through an "upvar" or "global" command, or we have a
     * reference to a variable in an enclosing namespace. Traverse through
     * any links until we find the referenced variable.
     */
      
    while (TclIsVarLink(arrayPtr)) {
      arrayPtr = arrayPtr->value.linkPtr;
    }

    /*
     * If the variable is in a hashtable and its hPtr field is NULL, then we
     * may have an upvar to an array element where the array was deleted
     * or an upvar to a namespace variable whose namespace was deleted.
     * Generate an error (allowing the variable to be reset would screw up
     * our storage allocation and is meaningless anyway).
     */

    if ((arrayPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE) && (arrayPtr->hPtr == NULL)) {
      if (leaveErrorMsg) {
          if (TclIsVarArrayElement(arrayPtr)) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "set", danglingElement);
          } else {
            VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "set", danglingVar);
          }
      }
      goto errorReturn;
    }

    /*
     * Make sure we're dealing with an array.
     */

    if (TclIsVarUndefined(arrayPtr) && !TclIsVarArrayElement(arrayPtr)) {
      TclSetVarArray(arrayPtr);
      arrayPtr->value.tablePtr =
          (Tcl_HashTable *) ckalloc(sizeof(Tcl_HashTable));
      Tcl_InitHashTable(arrayPtr->value.tablePtr, TCL_STRING_KEYS);
      TclClearVarUndefined(arrayPtr);
    } else if (!TclIsVarArray(arrayPtr)) {
      if (leaveErrorMsg) {
          VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "set", needArray);
      }
      goto errorReturn;
    } 

    /*
     * Look up the element.
     */

    hPtr = Tcl_CreateHashEntry(arrayPtr->value.tablePtr, elem, &new);
    if (new) {
      if (arrayPtr->searchPtr != NULL) {
          DeleteSearches(arrayPtr);
      }
      varPtr = NewVar();
      Tcl_SetHashValue(hPtr, varPtr);
      varPtr->hPtr = hPtr;
        varPtr->nsPtr = varFramePtr->nsPtr;
      TclSetVarArrayElement(varPtr);
    }
    varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);

    /*
     * It's an error to try to set an array variable itself.
     */

    if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr)) {
      if (leaveErrorMsg) {
          VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "set", isArray);
      }
      goto errorReturn;
    }

    /*
     * Set the variable's new value and discard the old one. We don't
     * append with this "set" procedure so the old value isn't needed.
     */

    oldValuePtr = varPtr->value.objPtr;
    if (newValuePtr != oldValuePtr) {          /* set new value */
      varPtr->value.objPtr = newValuePtr;
      Tcl_IncrRefCount(newValuePtr);       /* var is another ref to obj */
      if (oldValuePtr != NULL) {
          TclDecrRefCount(oldValuePtr);    /* discard old value */
      }
    }
    TclSetVarScalar(varPtr);
    TclClearVarUndefined(varPtr);

    /*
     * Invoke any write traces for the element variable.
     */

    if ((varPtr->tracePtr != NULL)
          || ((arrayPtr != NULL) && (arrayPtr->tracePtr != NULL))) {
      char *msg = CallTraces(iPtr, arrayPtr, varPtr, arrayName, elem,
            TCL_TRACE_WRITES);
      if (msg != NULL) {
          if (leaveErrorMsg) {
            VarErrMsg(interp, arrayName, elem, "set", msg);
          }
          goto errorReturn;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Return the element's value unless it was changed in some gross way by
     * a trace (e.g. it was unset and then recreated as an array). If it was
     * changed is a gross way, just return an empty string object.
     */

    if (TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      return varPtr->value.objPtr;
    }
    
    resultPtr = Tcl_NewObj();

    /*
     * An error. If the variable doesn't exist anymore and no-one's using
     * it, then free up the relevant structures and hash table entries.
     */

    errorReturn:
    if (varPtr != NULL) {
      if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
          CleanupVar(varPtr, NULL); /* note: array isn't in hashtable */
      }
    }
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclIncrVar2 --
 *
 *    Given a two-part variable name, which may refer either to a scalar
 *    variable or an element of an array, increment the Tcl object value
 *    of the variable by a specified amount.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the Tcl_Obj holding the new value of the
 *    variable. If the specified variable doesn't exist, or there is a
 *    clash in array usage, or an error occurs while executing variable
 *    traces, then NULL is returned and a message will be left in
 *    the interpreter's result.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The value of the given variable is incremented by the specified
 *    amount. If either the array or the entry didn't exist then a new
 *    variable is created. The ref count for the returned object is _not_
 *    incremented to reflect the returned reference; if you want to keep a
 *    reference to the object you must increment its ref count yourself.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
TclIncrVar2(interp, part1Ptr, part2Ptr, incrAmount, part1NotParsed)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be found. */
    Tcl_Obj *part1Ptr;        /* Points to an object holding the name of
                         * an array (if part2 is non-NULL) or the
                         * name of a variable. */
    Tcl_Obj *part2Ptr;        /* If non-null, points to an object holding
                         * the name of an element in the array
                         * part1Ptr. */
    long incrAmount;          /* Amount to be added to variable. */
    int part1NotParsed;       /* 1 if part1 hasn't yet been parsed into
                         * an array name and index (if any). */
{
    register Tcl_Obj *varValuePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr;
    int createdNewObj;        /* Set 1 if var's value object is shared
                         * so we must increment a copy (i.e. copy
                         * on write). */
    long i;
    int flags, result;

    flags = TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG;
    if (part1NotParsed) {
      flags |= TCL_PARSE_PART1;
    }
    
    varValuePtr = Tcl_ObjGetVar2(interp, part1Ptr, part2Ptr, flags);
    if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
      Tcl_AddObjErrorInfo(interp,
            "\n    (reading value of variable to increment)", -1);
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Increment the variable's value. If the object is unshared we can
     * modify it directly, otherwise we must create a new copy to modify:
     * this is "copy on write". Then free the variable's old string
     * representation, if any, since it will no longer be valid.
     */

    createdNewObj = 0;
    if (Tcl_IsShared(varValuePtr)) {
      varValuePtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(varValuePtr);
      createdNewObj = 1;
    }
    result = Tcl_GetLongFromObj(interp, varValuePtr, &i);
    if (result != TCL_OK) {
      if (createdNewObj) {
          Tcl_DecrRefCount(varValuePtr); /* free unneeded copy */
      }
      return NULL;
    }
    Tcl_SetLongObj(varValuePtr, (i + incrAmount));

    /*
     * Store the variable's new value and run any write traces.
     */
    
    resultPtr = Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, part1Ptr, part2Ptr, varValuePtr,
          flags);
    if (resultPtr == NULL) {
      return NULL;
    }
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclIncrIndexedScalar --
 *
 *    Increments the Tcl object value of a local scalar variable in the
 *    active procedure, given its compile-time allocated index in the
 *    procedure's array of local variables.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the Tcl_Obj holding the new value of the
 *    variable given by localIndex. If the specified variable doesn't
 *    exist, or there is a clash in array usage, or an error occurs while
 *    executing variable traces, then NULL is returned and a message will
 *    be left in the interpreter's result. 
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The value of the given variable is incremented by the specified
 *    amount. The ref count for the returned object is _not_ incremented
 *    to reflect the returned reference; if you want to keep a reference
 *    to the object you must increment its ref count yourself.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
TclIncrIndexedScalar(interp, localIndex, incrAmount)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be found. */
    int localIndex;           /* Index of variable in procedure's array
                         * of local variables. */
    long incrAmount;          /* Amount to be added to variable. */
{
    register Tcl_Obj *varValuePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr;
    int createdNewObj;        /* Set 1 if var's value object is shared
                         * so we must increment a copy (i.e. copy
                         * on write). */
    long i;
    int result;

    varValuePtr = TclGetIndexedScalar(interp, localIndex,
          /*leaveErrorMsg*/ 1);
    if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
      Tcl_AddObjErrorInfo(interp,
            "\n    (reading value of variable to increment)", -1);
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Reach into the object's representation to extract and increment the
     * variable's value. If the object is unshared we can modify it
     * directly, otherwise we must create a new copy to modify: this is
     * "copy on write". Then free the variable's old string representation,
     * if any, since it will no longer be valid.
     */

    createdNewObj = 0;
    if (Tcl_IsShared(varValuePtr)) {
      createdNewObj = 1;
      varValuePtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(varValuePtr);
    }
    result = Tcl_GetLongFromObj(interp, varValuePtr, &i);
    if (result != TCL_OK) {
      if (createdNewObj) {
          Tcl_DecrRefCount(varValuePtr); /* free unneeded copy */
      }
      return NULL;
    }
    Tcl_SetLongObj(varValuePtr, (i + incrAmount));

    /*
     * Store the variable's new value and run any write traces.
     */
    
    resultPtr = TclSetIndexedScalar(interp, localIndex, varValuePtr,
          /*leaveErrorMsg*/ 1);
    if (resultPtr == NULL) {
      return NULL;
    }
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclIncrElementOfIndexedArray --
 *
 *    Increments the Tcl object value of an element in a local array
 *    variable. The element is named by the object elemPtr while the array
 *    is specified by its index in the active procedure's array of
 *    compiler allocated local variables.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns a pointer to the Tcl_Obj holding the new value of the
 *    element. If the specified array or element doesn't exist, or there
 *    is a clash in array usage, or an error occurs while executing
 *    variable traces, then NULL is returned and a message will be left in
 *    the interpreter's result.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The value of the given array element is incremented by the specified
 *    amount. The ref count for the returned object is _not_ incremented
 *    to reflect the returned reference; if you want to keep a reference
 *    to the object you must increment its ref count yourself. If the
 *    entry doesn't exist then a new variable is created.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

Tcl_Obj *
TclIncrElementOfIndexedArray(interp, localIndex, elemPtr, incrAmount)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which the array is
                         * to be found. */
    int localIndex;           /* Index of array variable in procedure's
                         * array of local variables. */
    Tcl_Obj *elemPtr;         /* Points to an object holding the name of
                         * an element to increment in the array. */
    long incrAmount;          /* Amount to be added to variable. */
{
    register Tcl_Obj *varValuePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr;
    int createdNewObj;        /* Set 1 if var's value object is shared
                         * so we must increment a copy (i.e. copy
                         * on write). */
    long i;
    int result;

    varValuePtr = TclGetElementOfIndexedArray(interp, localIndex, elemPtr,
          /*leaveErrorMsg*/ 1);
    if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
      Tcl_AddObjErrorInfo(interp,
            "\n    (reading value of variable to increment)", -1);
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Reach into the object's representation to extract and increment the
     * variable's value. If the object is unshared we can modify it
     * directly, otherwise we must create a new copy to modify: this is
     * "copy on write". Then free the variable's old string representation,
     * if any, since it will no longer be valid.
     */

    createdNewObj = 0;
    if (Tcl_IsShared(varValuePtr)) {
      createdNewObj = 1;
      varValuePtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(varValuePtr);
    }
    result = Tcl_GetLongFromObj(interp, varValuePtr, &i);
    if (result != TCL_OK) {
      if (createdNewObj) {
          Tcl_DecrRefCount(varValuePtr); /* free unneeded copy */
      }
      return NULL;
    }
    Tcl_SetLongObj(varValuePtr, (i + incrAmount));
    
    /*
     * Store the variable's new value and run any write traces.
     */
    
    resultPtr = TclSetElementOfIndexedArray(interp, localIndex, elemPtr,
          varValuePtr,
          /*leaveErrorMsg*/ 1);
    if (resultPtr == NULL) {
      return NULL;
    }
    return resultPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UnsetVar --
 *
 *    Delete a variable, so that it may not be accessed anymore.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns TCL_OK if the variable was successfully deleted, TCL_ERROR
 *    if the variable can't be unset.  In the event of an error,
 *    if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set then an error message
 *    is left in interp->result.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    If varName is defined as a local or global variable in interp,
 *    it is deleted.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_UnsetVar(interp, varName, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which varName is
                         * to be looked up. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of a variable in interp.  May be
                         * either a scalar name or an array name
                         * or an element in an array. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed combination of any of
                         * TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY, TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY or
                         * TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG. */
{
    return Tcl_UnsetVar2(interp, varName, (char *) NULL,
          (flags | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UnsetVar2 --
 *
 *    Delete a variable, given a 2-part name.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns TCL_OK if the variable was successfully deleted, TCL_ERROR
 *    if the variable can't be unset.  In the event of an error,
 *    if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag is set then an error message
 *    is left in interp->result.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    If part1 and part2 indicate a local or global variable in interp,
 *    it is deleted.  If part1 is an array name and part2 is NULL, then
 *    the whole array is deleted.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_UnsetVar2(interp, part1, part2, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which varName is
                         * to be looked up. */
    char *part1;        /* Name of variable or array. */
    char *part2;        /* Name of element within array or NULL. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed combination of any of
                         * TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY, TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY,
                         * TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG, or
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1. */
{
    Var dummyVar;
    Var *varPtr, *dummyVarPtr;
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    Var *arrayPtr;
    ActiveVarTrace *activePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr;
    int result;

    varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, part1, part2, flags, "unset",
          /*createPart1*/ 0, /*createPart2*/ 0, &arrayPtr);
    if (varPtr == NULL) {
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    result = (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)? TCL_ERROR : TCL_OK);

    if ((arrayPtr != NULL) && (arrayPtr->searchPtr != NULL)) {
      DeleteSearches(arrayPtr);
    }

    /*
     * The code below is tricky, because of the possibility that
     * a trace procedure might try to access a variable being
     * deleted. To handle this situation gracefully, do things
     * in three steps:
     * 1. Copy the contents of the variable to a dummy variable
     *    structure, and mark the original Var structure as undefined.
     * 2. Invoke traces and clean up the variable, using the dummy copy.
     * 3. If at the end of this the original variable is still
     *    undefined and has no outstanding references, then delete
     *        it (but it could have gotten recreated by a trace).
     */

    dummyVar = *varPtr;
    TclSetVarUndefined(varPtr);
    TclSetVarScalar(varPtr);
    varPtr->value.objPtr = NULL; /* dummyVar points to any value object */
    varPtr->tracePtr = NULL;
    varPtr->searchPtr = NULL;

    /*
     * Call trace procedures for the variable being deleted. Then delete
     * its traces. Be sure to abort any other traces for the variable
     * that are still pending. Special tricks:
     * 1. We need to increment varPtr's refCount around this: CallTraces
     *    will use dummyVar so it won't increment varPtr's refCount itself.
     * 2. Turn off the VAR_TRACE_ACTIVE flag in dummyVar: we want to
     *    call unset traces even if other traces are pending.
     */

    if ((dummyVar.tracePtr != NULL)
          || ((arrayPtr != NULL) && (arrayPtr->tracePtr != NULL))) {
      varPtr->refCount++;
      dummyVar.flags &= ~VAR_TRACE_ACTIVE;
      (void) CallTraces(iPtr, arrayPtr, &dummyVar, part1, part2,
            (flags & (TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY|TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY|TCL_PARSE_PART1)) | TCL_TRACE_UNSETS);
      while (dummyVar.tracePtr != NULL) {
          VarTrace *tracePtr = dummyVar.tracePtr;
          dummyVar.tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
          ckfree((char *) tracePtr);
      }
      for (activePtr = iPtr->activeTracePtr;  activePtr != NULL;
           activePtr = activePtr->nextPtr) {
          if (activePtr->varPtr == varPtr) {
            activePtr->nextTracePtr = NULL;
          }
      }
      varPtr->refCount--;
    }

    /*
     * If the variable is an array, delete all of its elements. This must be
     * done after calling the traces on the array, above (that's the way
     * traces are defined). If it is a scalar, "discard" its object
     * (decrement the ref count of its object, if any).
     */

    dummyVarPtr = &dummyVar;
    if (TclIsVarArray(dummyVarPtr) && !TclIsVarUndefined(dummyVarPtr)) {
      DeleteArray(iPtr, part1, dummyVarPtr,
            (flags & (TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY|TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY)) | TCL_TRACE_UNSETS);
    }
    if (TclIsVarScalar(dummyVarPtr)
          && (dummyVarPtr->value.objPtr != NULL)) {
      objPtr = dummyVarPtr->value.objPtr;
      TclDecrRefCount(objPtr);
      dummyVarPtr->value.objPtr = NULL;
    }

    /*
     * If the variable was a namespace variable, decrement its reference count.
     */
    
    if (varPtr->flags & VAR_NAMESPACE_VAR) {
      varPtr->flags &= ~VAR_NAMESPACE_VAR;
      varPtr->refCount--;
    }

    /*
     * It's an error to unset an undefined variable.
     */
      
    if (result != TCL_OK) {
      if (flags & TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) {
          VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, "unset", 
                ((arrayPtr == NULL) ? noSuchVar : noSuchElement));
      }
    }

    /*
     * Finally, if the variable is truly not in use then free up its Var
     * structure and remove it from its hash table, if any. The ref count of
     * its value object, if any, was decremented above.
     */

    CleanupVar(varPtr, arrayPtr);
    return result;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_TraceVar --
 *
 *    Arrange for reads and/or writes to a variable to cause a
 *    procedure to be invoked, which can monitor the operations
 *    and/or change their actions.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl return value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A trace is set up on the variable given by varName, such that
 *    future references to the variable will be intermediated by
 *    proc.  See the manual entry for complete details on the calling
 *    sequence for proc.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_TraceVar(interp, varName, flags, proc, clientData)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be traced. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of variable;  may end with "(index)"
                         * to signify an array reference. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed collection of bits, including any
                         * of TCL_TRACE_READS, TCL_TRACE_WRITES,
                         * TCL_TRACE_UNSETS, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY, and
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY. */
    Tcl_VarTraceProc *proc;   /* Procedure to call when specified ops are
                         * invoked upon varName. */
    ClientData clientData;    /* Arbitrary argument to pass to proc. */
{
    return Tcl_TraceVar2(interp, varName, (char *) NULL,
          (flags | TCL_PARSE_PART1), proc, clientData);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_TraceVar2 --
 *
 *    Arrange for reads and/or writes to a variable to cause a
 *    procedure to be invoked, which can monitor the operations
 *    and/or change their actions.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl return value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A trace is set up on the variable given by part1 and part2, such
 *    that future references to the variable will be intermediated by
 *    proc.  See the manual entry for complete details on the calling
 *    sequence for proc.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_TraceVar2(interp, part1, part2, flags, proc, clientData)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter in which variable is
                         * to be traced. */
    char *part1;        /* Name of scalar variable or array. */
    char *part2;        /* Name of element within array;  NULL means
                         * trace applies to scalar variable or array
                         * as-a-whole. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed collection of bits, including any
                         * of TCL_TRACE_READS, TCL_TRACE_WRITES,
                         * TCL_TRACE_UNSETS, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY and
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1. */
    Tcl_VarTraceProc *proc;   /* Procedure to call when specified ops are
                         * invoked upon varName. */
    ClientData clientData;    /* Arbitrary argument to pass to proc. */
{
    Var *varPtr, *arrayPtr;
    register VarTrace *tracePtr;

    varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, part1, part2, (flags | TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG),
          "trace", /*createPart1*/ 1, /*createPart2*/ 1, &arrayPtr);
    if (varPtr == NULL) {
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * Set up trace information.
     */

    tracePtr = (VarTrace *) ckalloc(sizeof(VarTrace));
    tracePtr->traceProc = proc;
    tracePtr->clientData = clientData;
    tracePtr->flags = 
      flags & (TCL_TRACE_READS | TCL_TRACE_WRITES | TCL_TRACE_UNSETS);
    tracePtr->nextPtr = varPtr->tracePtr;
    varPtr->tracePtr = tracePtr;
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UntraceVar --
 *
 *    Remove a previously-created trace for a variable.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    If there exists a trace for the variable given by varName
 *    with the given flags, proc, and clientData, then that trace
 *    is removed.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
Tcl_UntraceVar(interp, varName, flags, proc, clientData)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter containing variable. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of variable; may end with "(index)"
                         * to signify an array reference. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed collection of bits describing
                         * current trace, including any of
                         * TCL_TRACE_READS, TCL_TRACE_WRITES,
                         * TCL_TRACE_UNSETS, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY
                         * and TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY. */
    Tcl_VarTraceProc *proc;   /* Procedure assocated with trace. */
    ClientData clientData;    /* Arbitrary argument to pass to proc. */
{
    Tcl_UntraceVar2(interp, varName, (char *) NULL,
          (flags | TCL_PARSE_PART1), proc, clientData);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UntraceVar2 --
 *
 *    Remove a previously-created trace for a variable.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    If there exists a trace for the variable given by part1
 *    and part2 with the given flags, proc, and clientData, then
 *    that trace is removed.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
Tcl_UntraceVar2(interp, part1, part2, flags, proc, clientData)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter containing variable. */
    char *part1;        /* Name of variable or array. */
    char *part2;        /* Name of element within array;  NULL means
                         * trace applies to scalar variable or array
                         * as-a-whole. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed collection of bits describing
                         * current trace, including any of
                         * TCL_TRACE_READS, TCL_TRACE_WRITES,
                         * TCL_TRACE_UNSETS, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY and
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1. */
    Tcl_VarTraceProc *proc;   /* Procedure assocated with trace. */
    ClientData clientData;    /* Arbitrary argument to pass to proc. */
{
    register VarTrace *tracePtr;
    VarTrace *prevPtr;
    Var *varPtr, *arrayPtr;
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    ActiveVarTrace *activePtr;

    varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, part1, part2,
          flags & (TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY|TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY|TCL_PARSE_PART1),
          /*msg*/ (char *) NULL,
          /*createPart1*/ 0, /*createPart2*/ 0, &arrayPtr);
    if (varPtr == NULL) {
      return;
    }

    flags &= (TCL_TRACE_READS | TCL_TRACE_WRITES | TCL_TRACE_UNSETS);
    for (tracePtr = varPtr->tracePtr, prevPtr = NULL;  ;
       prevPtr = tracePtr, tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr) {
      if (tracePtr == NULL) {
          return;
      }
      if ((tracePtr->traceProc == proc) && (tracePtr->flags == flags)
            && (tracePtr->clientData == clientData)) {
          break;
      }
    }

    /*
     * The code below makes it possible to delete traces while traces
     * are active: it makes sure that the deleted trace won't be
     * processed by CallTraces.
     */

    for (activePtr = iPtr->activeTracePtr;  activePtr != NULL;
       activePtr = activePtr->nextPtr) {
      if (activePtr->nextTracePtr == tracePtr) {
          activePtr->nextTracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
      }
    }
    if (prevPtr == NULL) {
      varPtr->tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
    } else {
      prevPtr->nextPtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
    }
    ckfree((char *) tracePtr);

    /*
     * If this is the last trace on the variable, and the variable is
     * unset and unused, then free up the variable.
     */

    if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      CleanupVar(varPtr, (Var *) NULL);
    }
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_VarTraceInfo --
 *
 *    Return the clientData value associated with a trace on a
 *    variable.  This procedure can also be used to step through
 *    all of the traces on a particular variable that have the
 *    same trace procedure.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is the clientData value associated with
 *    a trace on the given variable.  Information will only be
 *    returned for a trace with proc as trace procedure.  If
 *    the clientData argument is NULL then the first such trace is
 *    returned;  otherwise, the next relevant one after the one
 *    given by clientData will be returned.  If the variable
 *    doesn't exist, or if there are no (more) traces for it,
 *    then NULL is returned.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

ClientData
Tcl_VarTraceInfo(interp, varName, flags, proc, prevClientData)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter containing variable. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of variable;  may end with "(index)"
                         * to signify an array reference. */
    int flags;                /* 0, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY, or
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY. */
    Tcl_VarTraceProc *proc;   /* Procedure assocated with trace. */
    ClientData prevClientData;      /* If non-NULL, gives last value returned
                         * by this procedure, so this call will
                         * return the next trace after that one.
                         * If NULL, this call will return the
                         * first trace. */
{
    return Tcl_VarTraceInfo2(interp, varName, (char *) NULL,
          (flags | TCL_PARSE_PART1), proc, prevClientData);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_VarTraceInfo2 --
 *
 *    Same as Tcl_VarTraceInfo, except takes name in two pieces
 *    instead of one.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Same as Tcl_VarTraceInfo.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

ClientData
Tcl_VarTraceInfo2(interp, part1, part2, flags, proc, prevClientData)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter containing variable. */
    char *part1;        /* Name of variable or array. */
    char *part2;        /* Name of element within array;  NULL means
                         * trace applies to scalar variable or array
                         * as-a-whole. */
    int flags;                /* OR-ed combination of TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY, and
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1. */
    Tcl_VarTraceProc *proc;   /* Procedure assocated with trace. */
    ClientData prevClientData;      /* If non-NULL, gives last value returned
                         * by this procedure, so this call will
                         * return the next trace after that one.
                         * If NULL, this call will return the
                         * first trace. */
{
    register VarTrace *tracePtr;
    Var *varPtr, *arrayPtr;

    varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, part1, part2,
          flags & (TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY|TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY|TCL_PARSE_PART1),
          /*msg*/ (char *) NULL,
          /*createPart1*/ 0, /*createPart2*/ 0, &arrayPtr);
    if (varPtr == NULL) {
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Find the relevant trace, if any, and return its clientData.
     */

    tracePtr = varPtr->tracePtr;
    if (prevClientData != NULL) {
      for ( ;  tracePtr != NULL;  tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr) {
          if ((tracePtr->clientData == prevClientData)
                && (tracePtr->traceProc == proc)) {
            tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
            break;
          }
      }
    }
    for ( ;  tracePtr != NULL;  tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr) {
      if (tracePtr->traceProc == proc) {
          return tracePtr->clientData;
      }
    }
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UnsetObjCmd --
 *
 *    This object-based procedure is invoked to process the "unset" Tcl
 *    command. See the user documentation for details on what it does.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl object result value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    See the user documentation.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
int
Tcl_UnsetObjCmd(dummy, interp, objc, objv)
    ClientData dummy;         /* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Current interpreter. */
    int objc;                 /* Number of arguments. */
    Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[];    /* Argument objects. */
{
    register int i;
    register char *name;

    if (objc < 2) {
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "varName ?varName ...?");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    
    for (i = 1;  i < objc;  i++) {
      /*
       * THIS FAILS IF A NAME OBJECT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
       */

      name = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[i], (int *) NULL);
      if (Tcl_UnsetVar2(interp, name, (char *) NULL,
              (TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG | TCL_PARSE_PART1)) != TCL_OK) {
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
    }
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_AppendObjCmd --
 *
 *    This object-based procedure is invoked to process the "append" 
 *    Tcl command. See the user documentation for details on what it does.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl object result value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A variable's value may be changed.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
int
Tcl_AppendObjCmd(dummy, interp, objc, objv)
    ClientData dummy;         /* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Current interpreter. */
    int objc;                 /* Number of arguments. */
    Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[];    /* Argument objects. */
{
    register Tcl_Obj *varValuePtr = NULL;
    /* Initialized to avoid compiler
     * warning. */
    int i;

    if (objc < 2) {
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "varName ?value value ...?");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    if (objc == 2) {
      varValuePtr = Tcl_ObjGetVar2(interp, objv[1], (Tcl_Obj *) NULL,
              (TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
      if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
    } else {
      for (i = 2;  i < objc;  i++) {
          varValuePtr = Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, objv[1], (Tcl_Obj *) NULL,
                objv[i],
                (TCL_APPEND_VALUE | TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
          if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
      }
    }
    
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, varValuePtr);
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_LappendObjCmd --
 *
 *    This object-based procedure is invoked to process the "lappend" 
 *    Tcl command. See the user documentation for details on what it does.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl object result value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    A variable's value may be changed.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
int
Tcl_LappendObjCmd(dummy, interp, objc, objv)
    ClientData dummy;         /* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Current interpreter. */
    int objc;                 /* Number of arguments. */
    Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[];    /* Argument objects. */
{
    Tcl_Obj *varValuePtr, *newValuePtr;
    register List *listRepPtr;
    register Tcl_Obj **elemPtrs;
    int numElems, numRequired, createdNewObj, createVar, i, j;

    if (objc < 2) {
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "varName ?value value ...?");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    
    if (objc == 2) {
      newValuePtr = Tcl_ObjGetVar2(interp, objv[1], (Tcl_Obj *) NULL,
            (TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
      if (newValuePtr == NULL) {
          /*
           * The variable doesn't exist yet. Just create it with an empty
           * initial value.
           */
          
          Tcl_Obj *nullObjPtr = Tcl_NewObj();
          newValuePtr = Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, objv[1], NULL,
                nullObjPtr, (TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
          if (newValuePtr == NULL) {
            Tcl_DecrRefCount(nullObjPtr); /* free unneeded object */
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
      }
    } else {
      /*
       * We have arguments to append. We used to call Tcl_ObjSetVar2 to
       * append each argument one at a time to ensure that traces were run
       * for each append step. We now append the arguments all at once
       * because it's faster. Note that a read trace and a write trace for
       * the variable will now each only be called once. Also, if the
       * variable's old value is unshared we modify it directly, otherwise
       * we create a new copy to modify: this is "copy on write".
       */

      createdNewObj = 0;
      createVar = 1;
      varValuePtr = Tcl_ObjGetVar2(interp, objv[1], (Tcl_Obj *) NULL,
              TCL_PARSE_PART1);
      if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
          /*
           * We couldn't read the old value: either the var doesn't yet
           * exist or it's an array element. If it's new, we will try to
           * create it with Tcl_ObjSetVar2 below.
           */
          
          char *name, *p;
          int nameBytes, i;

          name = TclGetStringFromObj(objv[1], &nameBytes);
          for (i = 0, p = name;  i < nameBytes;  i++, p++) {
            if (*p == '(') {
                p = (name + nameBytes-1); 
                if (*p == ')') { /* last char is ')' => array ref */
                  createVar = 0;
                }
                break;
            }
          }
          varValuePtr = Tcl_NewObj();
          createdNewObj = 1;
      } else if (Tcl_IsShared(varValuePtr)) {   
          varValuePtr = Tcl_DuplicateObj(varValuePtr);
          createdNewObj = 1;
      }

      /*
       * Convert the variable's old value to a list object if necessary.
       */

      if (varValuePtr->typePtr != &tclListType) {
          int result = tclListType.setFromAnyProc(interp, varValuePtr);
          if (result != TCL_OK) {
            if (createdNewObj) {
                Tcl_DecrRefCount(varValuePtr); /* free unneeded obj. */
            }
            return result;
          }
      }
      listRepPtr = (List *) varValuePtr->internalRep.otherValuePtr;
      elemPtrs = listRepPtr->elements;
      numElems = listRepPtr->elemCount;

      /*
       * If there is no room in the current array of element pointers,
       * allocate a new, larger array and copy the pointers to it.
       */
      
      numRequired = numElems + (objc-2);
      if (numRequired > listRepPtr->maxElemCount) {
          int newMax = (2 * numRequired);
          Tcl_Obj **newElemPtrs = (Tcl_Obj **)
            ckalloc((unsigned) (newMax * sizeof(Tcl_Obj *)));
          
          memcpy((VOID *) newElemPtrs, (VOID *) elemPtrs,
                (size_t) (numElems * sizeof(Tcl_Obj *)));
          listRepPtr->maxElemCount = newMax;
          listRepPtr->elements = newElemPtrs;
          ckfree((char *) elemPtrs);
          elemPtrs = newElemPtrs;
      }

      /*
       * Insert the new elements at the end of the list.
       */

      for (i = 2, j = numElems;  i < objc;  i++, j++) {
            elemPtrs[j] = objv[i];
            Tcl_IncrRefCount(objv[i]);
        }
      listRepPtr->elemCount = numRequired;

      /*
       * Invalidate and free any old string representation since it no
       * longer reflects the list's internal representation.
       */

      Tcl_InvalidateStringRep(varValuePtr);

      /*
       * Now store the list object back into the variable. If there is an
       * error setting the new value, decrement its ref count if it
       * was new and we didn't create the variable.
       */
      
      newValuePtr = Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, objv[1], (Tcl_Obj *) NULL,
            varValuePtr, (TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG | TCL_PARSE_PART1));
      if (newValuePtr == NULL) {
          if (createdNewObj && !createVar) {
            Tcl_DecrRefCount(varValuePtr); /* free unneeded obj */
          }
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
    }

    /*
     * Set the interpreter's object result to refer to the variable's value
     * object.
     */

    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, newValuePtr);
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_ArrayObjCmd --
 *
 *    This object-based procedure is invoked to process the "array" Tcl
 *    command. See the user documentation for details on what it does.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl result object.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    See the user documentation.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
int
Tcl_ArrayObjCmd(dummy, interp, objc, objv)
    ClientData dummy;         /* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Current interpreter. */
    int objc;                 /* Number of arguments. */
    Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[];    /* Argument objects. */
{
    /*
     * The list of constants below should match the arrayOptions string array
     * below.
     */

    enum {ARRAY_ANYMORE, ARRAY_DONESEARCH,  ARRAY_EXISTS, ARRAY_GET,
        ARRAY_NAMES, ARRAY_NEXTELEMENT, ARRAY_SET, ARRAY_SIZE,
        ARRAY_STARTSEARCH}; 
    static char *arrayOptions[] = {"anymore", "donesearch", "exists",
                           "get", "names", "nextelement", "set", "size", "startsearch", 
                           (char *) NULL};

    Var *varPtr, *arrayPtr;
    Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    Tcl_Obj *resultPtr = Tcl_GetObjResult(interp);
    int notArray;
    char *varName;
    int index, result;


    if (objc < 3) {
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "option arrayName ?arg ...?");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    if (Tcl_GetIndexFromObj(interp, objv[1], arrayOptions, "option", 0, &index)
          != TCL_OK) {
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * Locate the array variable (and it better be an array).
     * THIS FAILS IF A NAME OBJECT'S STRING REP HAS A NULL BYTE.
     */
    
    varName = TclGetStringFromObj(objv[2], (int *) NULL);
    varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, varName, (char *) NULL, /*flags*/ 0,
            /*msg*/ 0, /*createPart1*/ 0, /*createPart2*/ 0, &arrayPtr);

    notArray = 0;
    if ((varPtr == NULL) || !TclIsVarArray(varPtr)
          || TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
      notArray = 1;
    }
    
    switch (index) {
        case ARRAY_ANYMORE: {
          ArraySearch *searchPtr;
          char *searchId;
          
          if (objc != 4) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, 
                        "arrayName searchId");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (notArray) {
              goto error;
          }
          searchId = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[3], (int *) NULL);
          searchPtr = ParseSearchId(interp, varPtr, varName, searchId);
          if (searchPtr == NULL) {
              return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          while (1) {
              Var *varPtr2;

            if (searchPtr->nextEntry != NULL) {
                varPtr2 = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(searchPtr->nextEntry);
                if (!TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr2)) {
                    break;
                }
            }
            searchPtr->nextEntry = Tcl_NextHashEntry(&searchPtr->search);
            if (searchPtr->nextEntry == NULL) {
                Tcl_SetIntObj(resultPtr, 0);
                return TCL_OK;
            }
          }
          Tcl_SetIntObj(resultPtr, 1);
          break;
      }
        case ARRAY_DONESEARCH: {
          ArraySearch *searchPtr, *prevPtr;
          char *searchId;

          if (objc != 4) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, 
                        "arrayName searchId");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (notArray) {
              goto error;
          }
          searchId = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[3], (int *) NULL);
          searchPtr = ParseSearchId(interp, varPtr, varName, searchId);
          if (searchPtr == NULL) {
              return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (varPtr->searchPtr == searchPtr) {
              varPtr->searchPtr = searchPtr->nextPtr;
          } else {
              for (prevPtr = varPtr->searchPtr;  ;
                 prevPtr = prevPtr->nextPtr) {
                if (prevPtr->nextPtr == searchPtr) {
                    prevPtr->nextPtr = searchPtr->nextPtr;
                  break;
                }
            }
          }
          ckfree((char *) searchPtr);
          break;
      }
        case ARRAY_EXISTS: {
          if (objc != 3) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "arrayName");
              return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          Tcl_SetIntObj(resultPtr, !notArray);
          break;
      }
        case ARRAY_GET: {
          Tcl_HashSearch search;
          Var *varPtr2;
          char *pattern = NULL;
          char *name;
          Tcl_Obj *namePtr, *valuePtr;
          
          if ((objc != 3) && (objc != 4)) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "arrayName ?pattern?");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (notArray) {
              return TCL_OK;
          }
          if (objc == 4) {
              pattern = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[3], (int *) NULL);
          }
          for (hPtr = Tcl_FirstHashEntry(varPtr->value.tablePtr, &search);
             hPtr != NULL;  hPtr = Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)) {
              varPtr2 = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
            if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr2)) {
                continue;
            }
            name = Tcl_GetHashKey(varPtr->value.tablePtr, hPtr);
            if ((objc == 4) && !Tcl_StringMatch(name, pattern)) {
                continue;     /* element name doesn't match pattern */
            }
            
            namePtr = Tcl_NewStringObj(name, -1);
            result = Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, resultPtr,
                    namePtr);
            if (result != TCL_OK) {
                Tcl_DecrRefCount(namePtr); /* free unneeded name obj */
                return result;
            }

            valuePtr = Tcl_ObjGetVar2(interp, objv[2], namePtr,
                      TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG);
            if (valuePtr == NULL) {
                Tcl_DecrRefCount(namePtr); /* free unneeded name obj */
                return result;
            }
            result = Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, resultPtr,
                  valuePtr);
            if (result != TCL_OK) {
                Tcl_DecrRefCount(namePtr); /* free unneeded name obj */
                return result;
            }
          }
          break;
      }
        case ARRAY_NAMES: {
          Tcl_HashSearch search;
          Var *varPtr2;
          char *pattern = NULL;
          char *name;
          Tcl_Obj *namePtr;
          
          if ((objc != 3) && (objc != 4)) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "arrayName ?pattern?");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (notArray) {
              return TCL_OK;
          }
          if (objc == 4) {
              pattern = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[3], (int *) NULL);
          }
          for (hPtr = Tcl_FirstHashEntry(varPtr->value.tablePtr, &search);
             hPtr != NULL; hPtr = Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)) {
              varPtr2 = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
            if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr2)) {
                continue;
            }
            name = Tcl_GetHashKey(varPtr->value.tablePtr, hPtr);
            if ((objc == 4) && !Tcl_StringMatch(name, pattern)) {
                continue;     /* element name doesn't match pattern */
            }
            
            namePtr = Tcl_NewStringObj(name, -1);
            result = Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, resultPtr, namePtr);
            if (result != TCL_OK) {
                Tcl_DecrRefCount(namePtr); /* free unneeded name object */
                return result;
            }
          }
          break;
      }
        case ARRAY_NEXTELEMENT: {
          ArraySearch *searchPtr;
          char *searchId;
          Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
          
          if (objc != 4) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, 
                        "arrayName searchId");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (notArray) {
              goto error;
          }
          searchId = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[3], (int *) NULL);
          searchPtr = ParseSearchId(interp, varPtr, varName, searchId);
          if (searchPtr == NULL) {
              return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          while (1) {
              Var *varPtr2;

            hPtr = searchPtr->nextEntry;
            if (hPtr == NULL) {
                hPtr = Tcl_NextHashEntry(&searchPtr->search);
                if (hPtr == NULL) {
                    return TCL_OK;
                }
            } else {
                searchPtr->nextEntry = NULL;
            }
            varPtr2 = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
            if (!TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr2)) {
                break;
            }
          }
          Tcl_SetStringObj(resultPtr,
                  Tcl_GetHashKey(varPtr->value.tablePtr, hPtr), -1);
          break;
      }
        case ARRAY_SET: {
          Tcl_Obj **elemPtrs;
          int listLen, i, result;
          
          if (objc != 4) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "arrayName list");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          result = Tcl_ListObjGetElements(interp, objv[3], &listLen, 
                    &elemPtrs);
          if (result != TCL_OK) {
              return result;
          }
          if (listLen & 1) {
              Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
            Tcl_AppendToObj(Tcl_GetObjResult(interp),
                        "list must have an even number of elements", -1);
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (listLen > 0) {
            for (i = 0;  i < listLen;  i += 2) {
                if (Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, objv[2], elemPtrs[i],
                      elemPtrs[i+1], TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG) == NULL) {
                  result = TCL_ERROR;
                  break;
                }
            }
            return result;
          }
  
          /*
           * The list is empty make sure we have an array, or create
           * one if necessary.
           */
          
          if (varPtr != NULL) {
            if (!TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr) && TclIsVarArray(varPtr)) {
                /*
                 * Already an array, done.
                 */
                
                return TCL_OK;
                }
            if (TclIsVarArrayElement(varPtr) ||
                  !TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
                /*
                 * Either an array element, or a scalar: lose!
                 */
                
                VarErrMsg(interp, varName, (char *)NULL, "array set",
                            needArray);
                return TCL_ERROR;
                }
          } else {
            /*
             * Create variable for new array.
             */
            
            varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, varName, (char *) NULL, 0, 0,
                  /*createPart1*/ 1, /*createPart2*/ 0,
                  &arrayPtr);
          }
          TclSetVarArray(varPtr);
          TclClearVarUndefined(varPtr);
          varPtr->value.tablePtr =
            (Tcl_HashTable *) ckalloc(sizeof(Tcl_HashTable));
          Tcl_InitHashTable(varPtr->value.tablePtr, TCL_STRING_KEYS);
          return TCL_OK;
      }
        case ARRAY_SIZE: {
          Tcl_HashSearch search;
          Var *varPtr2;
          int size;

          if (objc != 3) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "arrayName");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          size = 0;
          if (!notArray) {
              for (hPtr = Tcl_FirstHashEntry(varPtr->value.tablePtr, 
                        &search);
                 hPtr != NULL;  hPtr = Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)) {
                varPtr2 = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
                if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr2)) {
                    continue;
                }
                size++;
            }
          }
          Tcl_SetIntObj(resultPtr, size);
          break;
      }
        case ARRAY_STARTSEARCH: {
          ArraySearch *searchPtr;

          if (objc != 3) {
              Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "arrayName");
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
          if (notArray) {
              goto error;
          }
          searchPtr = (ArraySearch *) ckalloc(sizeof(ArraySearch));
          if (varPtr->searchPtr == NULL) {
              searchPtr->id = 1;
            Tcl_AppendStringsToObj(resultPtr, "s-1-", varName,
                    (char *) NULL);
          } else {
              char string[20];

            searchPtr->id = varPtr->searchPtr->id + 1;
            TclFormatInt(string, searchPtr->id);
            Tcl_AppendStringsToObj(resultPtr, "s-", string, "-", varName,
                  (char *) NULL);
          }
          searchPtr->varPtr = varPtr;
          searchPtr->nextEntry = Tcl_FirstHashEntry(varPtr->value.tablePtr,
                &searchPtr->search);
          searchPtr->nextPtr = varPtr->searchPtr;
          varPtr->searchPtr = searchPtr;
          break;
      }
    }
    return TCL_OK;

    error:
    Tcl_AppendStringsToObj(resultPtr, "\"", varName, "\" isn't an array",
          (char *) NULL);
    return TCL_ERROR;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * MakeUpvar --
 *
 *    This procedure does all of the work of the "global" and "upvar"
 *    commands.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl completion code. If an error occurs then an
 *    error message is left in iPtr->result.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The variable given by myName is linked to the variable in framePtr
 *    given by otherP1 and otherP2, so that references to myName are
 *    redirected to the other variable like a symbolic link.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static int
MakeUpvar(iPtr, framePtr, otherP1, otherP2, otherFlags, myName, myFlags)
    Interp *iPtr;       /* Interpreter containing variables. Used
                         * for error messages, too. */
    CallFrame *framePtr;      /* Call frame containing "other" variable.
                         * NULL means use global :: context. */
    char *otherP1, *otherP2;  /* Two-part name of variable in framePtr. */
    int otherFlags;           /* 0, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY or TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY:
                         * indicates scope of "other" variable. */
    char *myName;       /* Name of variable which will refer to
                         * otherP1/otherP2. Must be a scalar. */
    int myFlags;        /* 0, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY or TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY:
                         * indicates scope of myName. */
{
    Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    Var *otherPtr, *varPtr, *arrayPtr;
    CallFrame *varFramePtr;
    CallFrame *savedFramePtr = NULL;  /* Init. to avoid compiler warning. */
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;
    Namespace *nsPtr, *altNsPtr, *dummyNsPtr;
    char *tail;
    int new;

    /*
     * Find "other" in "framePtr". If not looking up other in just the
     * current namespace, temporarily replace the current var frame
     * pointer in the interpreter in order to use TclLookupVar.
     */

    if (!(otherFlags & TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY)) {
      savedFramePtr = iPtr->varFramePtr;
      iPtr->varFramePtr = framePtr;
    }
    otherPtr = TclLookupVar((Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, otherP1, otherP2,
          (otherFlags | TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG), "access",
            /*createPart1*/ 1, /*createPart2*/ 1, &arrayPtr);
    if (!(otherFlags & TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY)) {
      iPtr->varFramePtr = savedFramePtr;
    }
    if (otherPtr == NULL) {
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * Now create a hashtable entry for "myName". Create it as either a
     * namespace variable or as a local variable in a procedure call
     * frame. Interpret myName as a namespace variable if:
     *    1) so requested by a TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY or TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY flag,
     *    2) there is no active frame (we're at the global :: scope),
     *    3) the active frame was pushed to define the namespace context
     *       for a "namespace eval" or "namespace inscope" command,
     *    4) the name has namespace qualifiers ("::"s).
     * If creating myName in the active procedure, look first in the
     * frame's array of compiler-allocated local variables, then in its
     * hashtable for runtime-created local variables. Create that
     * procedure's local variable hashtable if necessary.
     */

    varFramePtr = iPtr->varFramePtr;
    if ((myFlags & (TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY | TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY))
          || (varFramePtr == NULL)
          || !varFramePtr->isProcCallFrame
          || (strstr(myName, "::") != NULL)) {
      TclGetNamespaceForQualName((Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, myName,
            (Namespace *) NULL, myFlags, &nsPtr, &altNsPtr, &dummyNsPtr, &tail);

        if (nsPtr == NULL) {
            nsPtr = altNsPtr;
        }
        if (nsPtr == NULL) {
          Tcl_AppendResult((Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, "bad variable name \"",
                myName, "\": unknown namespace", (char *) NULL);
            return TCL_ERROR;
        }
      
      /*
       * Check that we are not trying to create a namespace var linked to
       * a local variable in a procedure. If we allowed this, the local
       * variable in the shorter-lived procedure frame could go away
       * leaving the namespace var's reference invalid.
       */

      if ((otherP2 ? arrayPtr->nsPtr : otherPtr->nsPtr) == NULL) {
          Tcl_AppendResult((Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, "bad variable name \"",
                    myName, "\": upvar won't create namespace variable that refers to procedure variable",
                (char *) NULL);
            return TCL_ERROR;
        }
      
      hPtr = Tcl_CreateHashEntry(&nsPtr->varTable, tail, &new);
      if (new) {
          varPtr = NewVar();
          Tcl_SetHashValue(hPtr, varPtr);
          varPtr->hPtr = hPtr;
            varPtr->nsPtr = nsPtr;
      } else {
          varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
      }
    } else {                  /* look in the call frame */
      Proc *procPtr = varFramePtr->procPtr;
      int localCt = procPtr->numCompiledLocals;
      CompiledLocal *localPtr = procPtr->firstLocalPtr;
      Var *localVarPtr = varFramePtr->compiledLocals;
      int nameLen = strlen(myName);
      int i;

      varPtr = NULL;
      for (i = 0;  i < localCt;  i++) {
          if (!TclIsVarTemporary(localPtr)) {
            char *localName = localVarPtr->name;
            if ((myName[0] == localName[0])
                    && (nameLen == localPtr->nameLength)
                    && (strcmp(myName, localName) == 0)) {
                varPtr = localVarPtr;
                new = 0;
                break;
            }
          }
          localVarPtr++;
          localPtr = localPtr->nextPtr;
      }
      if (varPtr == NULL) {   /* look in frame's local var hashtable */
          tablePtr = varFramePtr->varTablePtr;
          if (tablePtr == NULL) {
            tablePtr = (Tcl_HashTable *) ckalloc(sizeof(Tcl_HashTable));
            Tcl_InitHashTable(tablePtr, TCL_STRING_KEYS);
            varFramePtr->varTablePtr = tablePtr;
          }
          hPtr = Tcl_CreateHashEntry(tablePtr, myName, &new);
          if (new) {
            varPtr = NewVar();
            Tcl_SetHashValue(hPtr, varPtr);
            varPtr->hPtr = hPtr;
                varPtr->nsPtr = varFramePtr->nsPtr;
          } else {
            varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
          }
      }
    }

    if (!new) {
      /*
       * The variable already exists. Make sure this variable "varPtr"
       * isn't the same as "otherPtr" (avoid circular links). Also, if
       * it's not an upvar then it's an error. If it is an upvar, then
       * just disconnect it from the thing it currently refers to.
       */

      if (varPtr == otherPtr) {
          Tcl_SetResult((Tcl_Interp *) iPtr,
                "can't upvar from variable to itself", TCL_STATIC);
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
      if (TclIsVarLink(varPtr)) {
          Var *linkPtr = varPtr->value.linkPtr;
          if (linkPtr == otherPtr) {
            return TCL_OK;
          }
          linkPtr->refCount--;
          if (TclIsVarUndefined(linkPtr)) {
            CleanupVar(linkPtr, (Var *) NULL);
          }
      } else if (!TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr)) {
          Tcl_AppendResult((Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, "variable \"", myName,
                "\" already exists", (char *) NULL);
          return TCL_ERROR;
      } else if (varPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
          Tcl_AppendResult((Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, "variable \"", myName,
                "\" has traces: can't use for upvar", (char *) NULL);
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
    }
    TclSetVarLink(varPtr);
    TclClearVarUndefined(varPtr);
    varPtr->value.linkPtr = otherPtr;
    otherPtr->refCount++;
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UpVar --
 *
 *    This procedure links one variable to another, just like
 *    the "upvar" command.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl completion code.  If an error occurs then
 *    an error message is left in interp->result.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The variable in frameName whose name is given by varName becomes
 *    accessible under the name localName, so that references to
 *    localName are redirected to the other variable like a symbolic
 *    link.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_UpVar(interp, frameName, varName, localName, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Command interpreter in which varName is
                         * to be looked up. */
    char *frameName;          /* Name of the frame containing the source
                         * variable, such as "1" or "#0". */
    char *varName;            /* Name of a variable in interp to link to.
                         * May be either a scalar name or an
                         * element in an array. */
    char *localName;          /* Name of link variable. */
    int flags;                /* 0, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY or TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY:
                         * indicates scope of localName. */
{
    int result;
    CallFrame *framePtr;
    register char *p;

    result = TclGetFrame(interp, frameName, &framePtr);
    if (result == -1) {
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * Figure out whether varName is an array reference, then call
     * MakeUpvar to do all the real work.
     */

    for (p = varName;  *p != '\0';  p++) {
      if (*p == '(') {
          char *openParen = p;
          do {
            p++;
          } while (*p != '\0');
          p--;
          if (*p != ')') {
            goto scalar;
          }
          *openParen = '\0';
          *p = '\0';
          result = MakeUpvar((Interp *) interp, framePtr, varName,
                openParen+1, 0, localName, flags);
          *openParen = '(';
          *p = ')';
          return result;
      }
    }

    scalar:
    return MakeUpvar((Interp *) interp, framePtr, varName, (char *) NULL,
          0, localName, flags);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UpVar2 --
 *
 *    This procedure links one variable to another, just like
 *    the "upvar" command.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl completion code.  If an error occurs then
 *    an error message is left in interp->result.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    The variable in frameName whose name is given by part1 and
 *    part2 becomes accessible under the name localName, so that
 *    references to localName are redirected to the other variable
 *    like a symbolic link.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_UpVar2(interp, frameName, part1, part2, localName, flags)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter containing variables.  Used
                         * for error messages too. */
    char *frameName;          /* Name of the frame containing the source
                         * variable, such as "1" or "#0". */
    char *part1, *part2;      /* Two parts of source variable name to
                         * link to. */
    char *localName;          /* Name of link variable. */
    int flags;                /* 0, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY or TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY:
                         * indicates scope of localName. */
{
    int result;
    CallFrame *framePtr;

    result = TclGetFrame(interp, frameName, &framePtr);
    if (result == -1) {
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    return MakeUpvar((Interp *) interp, framePtr, part1, part2, 0,
          localName, flags);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_GetVariableFullName --
 *
 *    Given a Tcl_Var token returned by Tcl_FindNamespaceVar, this
 *    procedure appends to an object the namespace variable's full
 *    name, qualified by a sequence of parent namespace names.
 *
 * Results:
 *      None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *      The variable's fully-qualified name is appended to the string
 *    representation of objPtr.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
Tcl_GetVariableFullName(interp, variable, objPtr)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;         /* Interpreter containing the variable. */
    Tcl_Var variable;         /* Token for the variable returned by a
                         * previous call to Tcl_FindNamespaceVar. */
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr;          /* Points to the object onto which the
                         * variable's full name is appended. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    register Var *varPtr = (Var *) variable;
    char *name;

    /*
     * Add the full name of the containing namespace (if any), followed by
     * the "::" separator, then the variable name.
     */

    if (varPtr != NULL) {
      if (!TclIsVarArrayElement(varPtr)) {
          if (varPtr->nsPtr != NULL) {
            Tcl_AppendToObj(objPtr, varPtr->nsPtr->fullName, -1);
            if (varPtr->nsPtr != iPtr->globalNsPtr) {
                Tcl_AppendToObj(objPtr, "::", 2);
            }
          }
          if (varPtr->name != NULL) {
            Tcl_AppendToObj(objPtr, varPtr->name, -1);
          } else if (varPtr->hPtr != NULL) {
            name = Tcl_GetHashKey(varPtr->hPtr->tablePtr, varPtr->hPtr);
            Tcl_AppendToObj(objPtr, name, -1);
          }
      }
    }
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_GlobalObjCmd --
 *
 *    This object-based procedure is invoked to process the "global" Tcl
 *    command. See the user documentation for details on what it does.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl object result value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    See the user documentation.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_GlobalObjCmd(dummy, interp, objc, objv)
    ClientData dummy;         /* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Current interpreter. */
    int objc;                 /* Number of arguments. */
    Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[];    /* Argument objects. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    register Tcl_Obj *objPtr;
    char *varName;
    register char *tail;
    int result, i;

    if (objc < 2) {
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "varName ?varName ...?");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * If we are not executing inside a Tcl procedure, just return.
     */
    
    if ((iPtr->varFramePtr == NULL)
          || !iPtr->varFramePtr->isProcCallFrame) {
      return TCL_OK;
    }

    for (i = 1;  i < objc;  i++) {
      /*
       * Make a local variable linked to its counterpart in the global ::
       * namespace.
       */
      
      objPtr = objv[i];
      varName = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objPtr, (int *) NULL);

      /*
       * The variable name might have a scope qualifier, but the name for
         * the local "link" variable must be the simple name at the tail.
       */

      for (tail = varName;  *tail != '\0';  tail++) {
          /* empty body */
      }
        while ((tail > varName) && ((*tail != ':') || (*(tail-1) != ':'))) {
            tail--;
      }
        if (*tail == ':') {
            tail++;
      }

      /*
       * Link to the variable "varName" in the global :: namespace.
       */
      
      result = MakeUpvar(iPtr, (CallFrame *) NULL,
            varName, (char *) NULL, /*otherFlags*/ TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
              /*myName*/ tail, /*myFlags*/ 0);
      if (result != TCL_OK) {
          return result;
      }
    }
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_VariableObjCmd --
 *
 *    Invoked to implement the "variable" command that creates one or more
 *    global variables. Handles the following syntax:
 *
 *        variable ?name value...? name ?value?
 *
 *    One or more variables can be created. The variables are initialized
 *    with the specified values. The value for the last variable is
 *    optional.
 *
 *    If the variable does not exist, it is created and given the optional
 *    value. If it already exists, it is simply set to the optional
 *    value. Normally, "name" is an unqualified name, so it is created in
 *    the current namespace. If it includes namespace qualifiers, it can
 *    be created in another namespace.
 *
 *    If the variable command is executed inside a Tcl procedure, it
 *    creates a local variable linked to the newly-created namespace
 *    variable.
 *
 * Results:
 *    Returns TCL_OK if the variable is found or created. Returns
 *    TCL_ERROR if anything goes wrong.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    If anything goes wrong, this procedure returns an error message
 *    as the result in the interpreter's result object.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

int
Tcl_VariableObjCmd(dummy, interp, objc, objv)
    ClientData dummy;         /* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Current interpreter. */
    int objc;                 /* Number of arguments. */
    Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[];    /* Argument objects. */
{
    Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    char *varName, *tail, *cp;
    Var *varPtr, *arrayPtr;
    Tcl_Obj *varValuePtr;
    int i, result;

    for (i = 1;  i < objc;  i = i+2) {
      /*
       * Look up each variable in the current namespace context, creating
       * it if necessary.
       */
      
      varName = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[i], (int *) NULL);
      varPtr = TclLookupVar(interp, varName, (char *) NULL,
                (TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY | TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG), "define",
                /*createPart1*/ 1, /*createPart2*/ 0, &arrayPtr);
      if (varPtr == NULL) {
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }

      /*
       * Mark the variable as a namespace variable and increment its 
       * reference count so that it will persist until its namespace is
       * destroyed or until the variable is unset.
       */

      if (!(varPtr->flags & VAR_NAMESPACE_VAR)) {
          varPtr->flags |= VAR_NAMESPACE_VAR;
          varPtr->refCount++;
      }

      /*
       * If a value was specified, set the variable to that value.
       * Otherwise, if the variable is new, leave it undefined.
       * (If the variable already exists and no value was specified,
       * leave its value unchanged; just create the local link if
       * we're in a Tcl procedure).
       */

      if (i+1 < objc) { /* a value was specified */
          varValuePtr = Tcl_ObjSetVar2(interp, objv[i], (Tcl_Obj *) NULL,
                objv[i+1], (TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY | TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG));
          if (varValuePtr == NULL) {
            return TCL_ERROR;
          }
      }

      /*
       * If we are executing inside a Tcl procedure, create a local
       * variable linked to the new namespace variable "varName".
       */

      if ((iPtr->varFramePtr != NULL)
              && iPtr->varFramePtr->isProcCallFrame) {
          /*
           * varName might have a scope qualifier, but the name for the
           * local "link" variable must be the simple name at the tail.
           *
           * Locate tail in one pass: drop any prefix after two *or more*
           * consecutive ":" characters).
           */

          for (tail = cp = varName;  *cp != '\0'; ) {
            if (*cp++ == ':') {
                while (*cp++ == ':') {
                  tail = cp;
                }
            }
          }
          
          /*
           * Create a local link "tail" to the variable "varName" in the
           * current namespace.
           */
          
          result = MakeUpvar(iPtr, (CallFrame *) NULL,
                /*otherP1*/ varName, /*otherP2*/ (char *) NULL,
                    /*otherFlags*/ TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY,
                /*myName*/ tail, /*myFlags*/ 0);
          if (result != TCL_OK) {
            return result;
          }
      }
    }
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * Tcl_UpvarObjCmd --
 *
 *    This object-based procedure is invoked to process the "upvar"
 *    Tcl command. See the user documentation for details on what it does.
 *
 * Results:
 *    A standard Tcl object result value.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    See the user documentation.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

      /* ARGSUSED */
int
Tcl_UpvarObjCmd(dummy, interp, objc, objv)
    ClientData dummy;         /* Not used. */
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Current interpreter. */
    int objc;                 /* Number of arguments. */
    Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[];    /* Argument objects. */
{
    register Interp *iPtr = (Interp *) interp;
    CallFrame *framePtr;
    char *frameSpec, *otherVarName, *myVarName;
    register char *p;
    int result;

    if (objc < 3) {
      upvarSyntax:
      Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv,
            "?level? otherVar localVar ?otherVar localVar ...?");
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    /*
     * Find the call frame containing each of the "other variables" to be
     * linked to. FAILS IF objv[1]'s STRING REP CONTAINS NULLS.
     */

    frameSpec = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[1], (int *) NULL);
    result = TclGetFrame(interp, frameSpec, &framePtr);
    if (result == -1) {
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    objc -= result+1;
    if ((objc & 1) != 0) {
      goto upvarSyntax;
    }
    objv += result+1;

    /*
     * Iterate over each (other variable, local variable) pair.
     * Divide the other variable name into two parts, then call
     * MakeUpvar to do all the work of linking it to the local variable.
     */

    for ( ;  objc > 0;  objc -= 2, objv += 2) {
      myVarName = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[1], (int *) NULL);
      otherVarName = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[0], (int *) NULL);
      for (p = otherVarName;  *p != 0;  p++) {
          if (*p == '(') {
            char *openParen = p;

            do {
                p++;
            } while (*p != '\0');
            p--;
            if (*p != ')') {
                goto scalar;
            }
            *openParen = '\0';
            *p = '\0';
            result = MakeUpvar(iPtr, framePtr,
                    otherVarName, openParen+1, /*otherFlags*/ 0,
                  myVarName, /*flags*/ 0);
            *openParen = '(';
            *p = ')';
            goto checkResult;
          }
      }
      scalar:
      result = MakeUpvar(iPtr, framePtr, otherVarName, (char *) NULL, 0,
              myVarName, /*flags*/ 0);

      checkResult:
      if (result != TCL_OK) {
          return TCL_ERROR;
      }
    }
    return TCL_OK;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * CallTraces --
 *
 *    This procedure is invoked to find and invoke relevant
 *    trace procedures associated with a particular operation on
 *    a variable. This procedure invokes traces both on the
 *    variable and on its containing array (where relevant).
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is NULL if no trace procedures were invoked, or
 *    if all the invoked trace procedures returned successfully.
 *    The return value is non-NULL if a trace procedure returned an
 *    error (in this case no more trace procedures were invoked after
 *    the error was returned). In this case the return value is a
 *    pointer to a static string describing the error.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Almost anything can happen, depending on trace; this procedure
 *    itself doesn't have any side effects.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static char *
CallTraces(iPtr, arrayPtr, varPtr, part1, part2, flags)
    Interp *iPtr;       /* Interpreter containing variable. */
    register Var *arrayPtr;   /* Pointer to array variable that contains
                         * the variable, or NULL if the variable
                         * isn't an element of an array. */
    Var *varPtr;        /* Variable whose traces are to be
                         * invoked. */
    char *part1, *part2;      /* Variable's two-part name. */
    int flags;                /* Flags passed to trace procedures:
                         * indicates what's happening to variable,
                         * plus other stuff like TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY,
                         * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY, and
                         * TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED. May also contain
                         * TCL_PARSE_PART1, which should not be
                         * passed through to callbacks. */
{
    register VarTrace *tracePtr;
    ActiveVarTrace active;
    char *result, *openParen, *p;
    Tcl_DString nameCopy;
    int copiedName;

    /*
     * If there are already similar trace procedures active for the
     * variable, don't call them again.
     */

    if (varPtr->flags & VAR_TRACE_ACTIVE) {
      return NULL;
    }
    varPtr->flags |= VAR_TRACE_ACTIVE;
    varPtr->refCount++;

    /*
     * If the variable name hasn't been parsed into array name and
     * element, do it here.  If there really is an array element,
     * make a copy of the original name so that NULLs can be
     * inserted into it to separate the names (can't modify the name
     * string in place, because the string might get used by the
     * callbacks we invoke).
     */

    copiedName = 0;
    if (flags & TCL_PARSE_PART1) {
      for (p = part1; ; p++) {
          if (*p == 0) {
            break;
          }
          if (*p == '(') {
            openParen = p;
            do {
                p++;
            } while (*p != '\0');
            p--;
            if (*p == ')') {
                Tcl_DStringInit(&nameCopy);
                Tcl_DStringAppend(&nameCopy, part1, (p-part1));
                part2 = Tcl_DStringValue(&nameCopy)
                  + (openParen + 1 - part1);
                part2[-1] = 0;
                part1 = Tcl_DStringValue(&nameCopy);
                copiedName = 1;
            }
            break;
          }
      }
    }
    flags &= ~TCL_PARSE_PART1;

    /*
     * Invoke traces on the array containing the variable, if relevant.
     */

    result = NULL;
    active.nextPtr = iPtr->activeTracePtr;
    iPtr->activeTracePtr = &active;
    if (arrayPtr != NULL) {
      arrayPtr->refCount++;
      active.varPtr = arrayPtr;
      for (tracePtr = arrayPtr->tracePtr;  tracePtr != NULL;
           tracePtr = active.nextTracePtr) {
          active.nextTracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
          if (!(tracePtr->flags & flags)) {
            continue;
          }
          result = (*tracePtr->traceProc)(tracePtr->clientData,
                (Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, part1, part2, flags);
          if (result != NULL) {
            if (flags & TCL_TRACE_UNSETS) {
                result = NULL;
            } else {
                goto done;
            }
          }
      }
    }

    /*
     * Invoke traces on the variable itself.
     */

    if (flags & TCL_TRACE_UNSETS) {
      flags |= TCL_TRACE_DESTROYED;
    }
    active.varPtr = varPtr;
    for (tracePtr = varPtr->tracePtr; tracePtr != NULL;
       tracePtr = active.nextTracePtr) {
      active.nextTracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
      if (!(tracePtr->flags & flags)) {
          continue;
      }
      result = (*tracePtr->traceProc)(tracePtr->clientData,
            (Tcl_Interp *) iPtr, part1, part2, flags);
      if (result != NULL) {
          if (flags & TCL_TRACE_UNSETS) {
            result = NULL;
          } else {
            goto done;
          }
      }
    }

    /*
     * Restore the variable's flags, remove the record of our active
     * traces, and then return.
     */

    done:
    if (arrayPtr != NULL) {
      arrayPtr->refCount--;
    }
    if (copiedName) {
      Tcl_DStringFree(&nameCopy);
    }
    varPtr->flags &= ~VAR_TRACE_ACTIVE;
    varPtr->refCount--;
    iPtr->activeTracePtr = active.nextPtr;
    return result;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * NewVar --
 *
 *    Create a new heap-allocated variable that will eventually be
 *    entered into a hashtable.
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a pointer to the new variable structure. It is
 *    marked as a scalar variable (and not a link or array variable). Its
 *    value initially is NULL. The variable is not part of any hash table
 *    yet. Since it will be in a hashtable and not in a call frame, its
 *    name field is set NULL. It is initially marked as undefined.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Storage gets allocated.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static Var *
NewVar()
{
    register Var *varPtr;

    varPtr = (Var *) ckalloc(sizeof(Var));
    varPtr->value.objPtr = NULL;
    varPtr->name = NULL;
    varPtr->nsPtr = NULL;
    varPtr->hPtr = NULL;
    varPtr->refCount = 0;
    varPtr->tracePtr = NULL;
    varPtr->searchPtr = NULL;
    varPtr->flags = (VAR_SCALAR | VAR_UNDEFINED | VAR_IN_HASHTABLE);
    return varPtr;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * ParseSearchId --
 *
 *    This procedure translates from a string to a pointer to an
 *    active array search (if there is one that matches the string).
 *
 * Results:
 *    The return value is a pointer to the array search indicated
 *    by string, or NULL if there isn't one.  If NULL is returned,
 *    interp->result contains an error message.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    None.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static ArraySearch *
ParseSearchId(interp, varPtr, varName, string)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;       /* Interpreter containing variable. */
    Var *varPtr;        /* Array variable search is for. */
    char *varName;            /* Name of array variable that search is
                         * supposed to be for. */
    char *string;       /* String containing id of search. Must have
                         * form "search-num-var" where "num" is a
                         * decimal number and "var" is a variable
                         * name. */
{
    char *end;
    int id;
    ArraySearch *searchPtr;

    /*
     * Parse the id into the three parts separated by dashes.
     */

    if ((string[0] != 's') || (string[1] != '-')) {
      syntax:
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "illegal search identifier \"", string,
            "\"", (char *) NULL);
      return NULL;
    }
    id = strtoul(string+2, &end, 10);
    if ((end == (string+2)) || (*end != '-')) {
      goto syntax;
    }
    if (strcmp(end+1, varName) != 0) {
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "search identifier \"", string,
            "\" isn't for variable \"", varName, "\"", (char *) NULL);
      return NULL;
    }

    /*
     * Search through the list of active searches on the interpreter
     * to see if the desired one exists.
     */

    for (searchPtr = varPtr->searchPtr; searchPtr != NULL;
       searchPtr = searchPtr->nextPtr) {
      if (searchPtr->id == id) {
          return searchPtr;
      }
    }
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "couldn't find search \"", string, "\"",
          (char *) NULL);
    return NULL;
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * DeleteSearches --
 *
 *    This procedure is called to free up all of the searches
 *    associated with an array variable.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Memory is released to the storage allocator.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static void
DeleteSearches(arrayVarPtr)
    register Var *arrayVarPtr;            /* Variable whose searches are
                               * to be deleted. */
{
    ArraySearch *searchPtr;

    while (arrayVarPtr->searchPtr != NULL) {
      searchPtr = arrayVarPtr->searchPtr;
      arrayVarPtr->searchPtr = searchPtr->nextPtr;
      ckfree((char *) searchPtr);
    }
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclDeleteVars --
 *
 *    This procedure is called to recycle all the storage space
 *    associated with a table of variables. For this procedure
 *    to work correctly, it must not be possible for any of the
 *    variables in the table to be accessed from Tcl commands
 *    (e.g. from trace procedures).
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Variables are deleted and trace procedures are invoked, if
 *    any are declared.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
TclDeleteVars(iPtr, tablePtr)
    Interp *iPtr;       /* Interpreter to which variables belong. */
    Tcl_HashTable *tablePtr;  /* Hash table containing variables to
                         * delete. */
{
    Tcl_Interp *interp = (Tcl_Interp *) iPtr;
    Tcl_HashSearch search;
    Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    register Var *varPtr;
    Var *linkPtr;
    int flags;
    ActiveVarTrace *activePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr;
    Namespace *currNsPtr = (Namespace *) Tcl_GetCurrentNamespace(interp);

    /*
     * Determine what flags to pass to the trace callback procedures.
     */

    flags = TCL_TRACE_UNSETS;
    if (tablePtr == &iPtr->globalNsPtr->varTable) {
      flags |= (TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED | TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
    } else if (tablePtr == &currNsPtr->varTable) {
      flags |= TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY;
    }

    for (hPtr = Tcl_FirstHashEntry(tablePtr, &search);  hPtr != NULL;
       hPtr = Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)) {
      varPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);

      /*
       * For global/upvar variables referenced in procedures, decrement
       * the reference count on the variable referred to, and free
       * the referenced variable if it's no longer needed. Don't delete
       * the hash entry for the other variable if it's in the same table
       * as us: this will happen automatically later on.
       */

      if (TclIsVarLink(varPtr)) {
          linkPtr = varPtr->value.linkPtr;
          linkPtr->refCount--;
          if ((linkPtr->refCount == 0) && TclIsVarUndefined(linkPtr)
                && (linkPtr->tracePtr == NULL)
                && (linkPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE)) {
            if (linkPtr->hPtr == NULL) {
                ckfree((char *) linkPtr);
            } else if (linkPtr->hPtr->tablePtr != tablePtr) {
                Tcl_DeleteHashEntry(linkPtr->hPtr);
                ckfree((char *) linkPtr);
            }
          }
      }

      /*
       * Invoke traces on the variable that is being deleted, then
       * free up the variable's space (no need to free the hash entry
       * here, unless we're dealing with a global variable: the
       * hash entries will be deleted automatically when the whole
       * table is deleted). Note that we give CallTraces the variable's
       * fully-qualified name so that any called trace procedures can
       * refer to these variables being deleted.
       */

      if (varPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
          objPtr = Tcl_NewObj();
          Tcl_IncrRefCount(objPtr); /* until done with traces */
          Tcl_GetVariableFullName(interp, (Tcl_Var) varPtr, objPtr);
          (void) CallTraces(iPtr, (Var *) NULL, varPtr,
                Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objPtr, (int *) NULL),
                (char *) NULL, flags);
          Tcl_DecrRefCount(objPtr); /* free no longer needed obj */

          while (varPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
            VarTrace *tracePtr = varPtr->tracePtr;
            varPtr->tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
            ckfree((char *) tracePtr);
          }
          for (activePtr = iPtr->activeTracePtr; activePtr != NULL;
             activePtr = activePtr->nextPtr) {
            if (activePtr->varPtr == varPtr) {
                activePtr->nextTracePtr = NULL;
            }
          }
      }
          
      if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr)) {
          DeleteArray(iPtr, Tcl_GetHashKey(tablePtr, hPtr), varPtr,
                  flags);
          varPtr->value.tablePtr = NULL;
      }
      if (TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) && (varPtr->value.objPtr != NULL)) {
          objPtr = varPtr->value.objPtr;
          TclDecrRefCount(objPtr);
          varPtr->value.objPtr = NULL;
      }
      varPtr->hPtr = NULL;
      varPtr->tracePtr = NULL;
      TclSetVarUndefined(varPtr);
      TclSetVarScalar(varPtr);

      /*
       * If the variable was a namespace variable, decrement its 
       * reference count. We are in the process of destroying its
       * namespace so that namespace will no longer "refer" to the
       * variable.
       */

      if (varPtr->flags & VAR_NAMESPACE_VAR) {
          varPtr->flags &= ~VAR_NAMESPACE_VAR;
          varPtr->refCount--;
      }

      /*
       * Recycle the variable's memory space if there aren't any upvar's
       * pointing to it. If there are upvars to this variable, then the
       * variable will get freed when the last upvar goes away.
       */

      if (varPtr->refCount == 0) {
          ckfree((char *) varPtr); /* this Var must be VAR_IN_HASHTABLE */
      }
    }
    Tcl_DeleteHashTable(tablePtr);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * TclDeleteCompiledLocalVars --
 *
 *    This procedure is called to recycle storage space associated with
 *    the compiler-allocated array of local variables in a procedure call
 *    frame. This procedure resembles TclDeleteVars above except that each
 *    variable is stored in a call frame and not a hash table. For this
 *    procedure to work correctly, it must not be possible for any of the
 *    variable in the table to be accessed from Tcl commands (e.g. from
 *    trace procedures).
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    Variables are deleted and trace procedures are invoked, if
 *    any are declared.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

void
TclDeleteCompiledLocalVars(iPtr, framePtr)
    Interp *iPtr;       /* Interpreter to which variables belong. */
    CallFrame *framePtr;      /* Procedure call frame containing
                         * compiler-assigned local variables to
                         * delete. */
{
    register Var *varPtr;
    int flags;                /* Flags passed to trace procedures. */
    Var *linkPtr;
    ActiveVarTrace *activePtr;
    int numLocals, i;

    flags = TCL_TRACE_UNSETS;
    numLocals = framePtr->numCompiledLocals;
    varPtr = framePtr->compiledLocals;
    for (i = 0;  i < numLocals;  i++) {
      /*
       * For global/upvar variables referenced in procedures, decrement
       * the reference count on the variable referred to, and free
       * the referenced variable if it's no longer needed. Don't delete
       * the hash entry for the other variable if it's in the same table
       * as us: this will happen automatically later on.
       */

      if (TclIsVarLink(varPtr)) {
          linkPtr = varPtr->value.linkPtr;
          linkPtr->refCount--;
          if ((linkPtr->refCount == 0) && TclIsVarUndefined(linkPtr)
                && (linkPtr->tracePtr == NULL)
                && (linkPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE)) {
            if (linkPtr->hPtr == NULL) {
                ckfree((char *) linkPtr);
            } else {
                Tcl_DeleteHashEntry(linkPtr->hPtr);
                ckfree((char *) linkPtr);
            }
          }
      }

      /*
       * Invoke traces on the variable that is being deleted. Then delete
       * the variable's trace records.
       */

      if (varPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
          (void) CallTraces(iPtr, (Var *) NULL, varPtr,
                varPtr->name, (char *) NULL, flags);
          while (varPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
            VarTrace *tracePtr = varPtr->tracePtr;
            varPtr->tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
            ckfree((char *) tracePtr);
          }
          for (activePtr = iPtr->activeTracePtr; activePtr != NULL;
             activePtr = activePtr->nextPtr) {
            if (activePtr->varPtr == varPtr) {
                activePtr->nextTracePtr = NULL;
            }
          }
      }

        /*
       * Now if the variable is an array, delete its element hash table.
       * Otherwise, if it's a scalar variable, decrement the ref count
       * of its value.
       */
          
      if (TclIsVarArray(varPtr) && (varPtr->value.tablePtr != NULL)) {
          DeleteArray(iPtr, varPtr->name, varPtr, flags);
      }
      if (TclIsVarScalar(varPtr) && (varPtr->value.objPtr != NULL)) {
          TclDecrRefCount(varPtr->value.objPtr);
          varPtr->value.objPtr = NULL;
      }
      varPtr->hPtr = NULL;
      varPtr->tracePtr = NULL;
      TclSetVarUndefined(varPtr);
      TclSetVarScalar(varPtr);
      varPtr++;
    }
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * DeleteArray --
 *
 *    This procedure is called to free up everything in an array
 *    variable.  It's the caller's responsibility to make sure
 *    that the array is no longer accessible before this procedure
 *    is called.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    All storage associated with varPtr's array elements is deleted
 *    (including the array's hash table). Deletion trace procedures for
 *    array elements are invoked, then deleted. Any pending traces for
 *    array elements are also deleted.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static void
DeleteArray(iPtr, arrayName, varPtr, flags)
    Interp *iPtr;             /* Interpreter containing array. */
    char *arrayName;                /* Name of array (used for trace
                               * callbacks). */
    Var *varPtr;              /* Pointer to variable structure. */
    int flags;                      /* Flags to pass to CallTraces:
                               * TCL_TRACE_UNSETS and sometimes
                               * TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED,
                               * TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY, or
                               * TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY. */
{
    Tcl_HashSearch search;
    register Tcl_HashEntry *hPtr;
    register Var *elPtr;
    ActiveVarTrace *activePtr;
    Tcl_Obj *objPtr;

    DeleteSearches(varPtr);
    for (hPtr = Tcl_FirstHashEntry(varPtr->value.tablePtr, &search);
       hPtr != NULL;  hPtr = Tcl_NextHashEntry(&search)) {
      elPtr = (Var *) Tcl_GetHashValue(hPtr);
      if (TclIsVarScalar(elPtr) && (elPtr->value.objPtr != NULL)) {
          objPtr = elPtr->value.objPtr;
          TclDecrRefCount(objPtr);
          elPtr->value.objPtr = NULL;
      }
      elPtr->hPtr = NULL;
      if (elPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
          elPtr->flags &= ~VAR_TRACE_ACTIVE;
          (void) CallTraces(iPtr, (Var *) NULL, elPtr, arrayName,
                Tcl_GetHashKey(varPtr->value.tablePtr, hPtr), flags);
          while (elPtr->tracePtr != NULL) {
            VarTrace *tracePtr = elPtr->tracePtr;
            elPtr->tracePtr = tracePtr->nextPtr;
            ckfree((char *) tracePtr);
          }
          for (activePtr = iPtr->activeTracePtr; activePtr != NULL;
             activePtr = activePtr->nextPtr) {
            if (activePtr->varPtr == elPtr) {
                activePtr->nextTracePtr = NULL;
            }
          }
      }
      TclSetVarUndefined(elPtr);
      TclSetVarScalar(elPtr);
      if (elPtr->refCount == 0) {
          ckfree((char *) elPtr); /* element Vars are VAR_IN_HASHTABLE */
      }
    }
    Tcl_DeleteHashTable(varPtr->value.tablePtr);
    ckfree((char *) varPtr->value.tablePtr);
}

/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * CleanupVar --
 *
 *    This procedure is called when it looks like it may be OK to free up
 *    a variable's storage. If the variable is in a hashtable, its Var
 *    structure and hash table entry will be freed along with those of its
 *    containing array, if any. This procedure is called, for example,
 *    when a trace on a variable deletes a variable.
 *
 * Results:
 *    None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *    If the variable (or its containing array) really is dead and in a
 *    hashtable, then its Var structure, and possibly its hash table
 *    entry, is freed up.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static void
CleanupVar(varPtr, arrayPtr)
    Var *varPtr;        /* Pointer to variable that may be a
                         * candidate for being expunged. */
    Var *arrayPtr;            /* Array that contains the variable, or
                         * NULL if this variable isn't an array
                         * element. */
{
    if (TclIsVarUndefined(varPtr) && (varPtr->refCount == 0)
          && (varPtr->tracePtr == NULL)
          && (varPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE)) {
      if (varPtr->hPtr != NULL) {
          Tcl_DeleteHashEntry(varPtr->hPtr);
      }
      ckfree((char *) varPtr);
    }
    if (arrayPtr != NULL) {
      if (TclIsVarUndefined(arrayPtr) && (arrayPtr->refCount == 0)
            && (arrayPtr->tracePtr == NULL)
              && (arrayPtr->flags & VAR_IN_HASHTABLE)) {
          if (arrayPtr->hPtr != NULL) {
            Tcl_DeleteHashEntry(arrayPtr->hPtr);
          }
          ckfree((char *) arrayPtr);
      }
    }
}
/*
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * VarErrMsg --
 *
 *      Generate a reasonable error message describing why a variable
 *      operation failed.
 *
 * Results:
 *      None.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *      Interp->result is reset to hold a message identifying the
 *      variable given by part1 and part2 and describing why the
 *      variable operation failed.
 *
 *----------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static void
VarErrMsg(interp, part1, part2, operation, reason)
    Tcl_Interp *interp;         /* Interpreter in which to record message. */
    char *part1, *part2;        /* Variable's two-part name. */
    char *operation;            /* String describing operation that failed,
                                 * e.g. "read", "set", or "unset". */
    char *reason;               /* String describing why operation failed. */
{
    Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "can't ", operation, " \"", part1,
          (char *) NULL);
    if (part2 != NULL) {
        Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "(", part2, ")", (char *) NULL);
    }
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "\": ", reason, (char *) NULL);
}

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